Jaw Dropping World War II Stories that Deserve to be in the History Books
Jaw Dropping World War II Stories that Deserve to be in the History Books

Jaw Dropping World War II Stories that Deserve to be in the History Books

Khalid Elhassan - August 25, 2021

Jaw Dropping World War II Stories that Deserve to be in the History Books
SS guard Josef Shillinger, killed by Franceska Mann. The First News

6. The Ballerina Who Led a World War II Death Camp Revolt

As SS guard Walter Quakernack clutched at his face, Franceska Mann seized his pistol, and opened fire on the other guards. She shot two of them, Josef Shillinger, and Wilhelm Emmerich. Shillinger died of his wounds a few hours later, while Emmerich was left with a permanent limp. As the stunned SS men tried to process what had just happened, a dam of mounting tensions in the undressing room broke. Mann’s feat of defiance triggered the remaining women into attacking the SS guards with whatever lay at hand, and with their bare hands and teeth if they could not get a hold of anything else.

Jaw Dropping World War II Stories that Deserve to be in the History Books
Franceska Mann’s feat triggered an uprising. The First News

One SS man was scalped, while another had his nose torn off before the guards fled the room. As the women barricaded themselves, SS reinforcements arrived to put down the uprising. Using grenades and submachine guns, the Germans eventually killed everybody in the undressing room, including Mann. Some accounts have it that some survived, to be taken out and executed. What is certain is that SS guard Josef Shillinger was killed, Wilhelm Emmerich was shot and lived, while Walter Quakernack and other SS men were wounded. After the war, Quakernack was tried for war crimes and executed.

Jaw Dropping World War II Stories that Deserve to be in the History Books
Japan’s foreign minister signing his country’s instrument of surrender aboard the USS Missouri. Wikimedia

5. Japan’s Surrender Left Many Japanese Soldiers Confused

When Japan threw in the towel in 1945, millions of Japanese military personnel were spread across East Asia and the Pacific. Most overcame the shock of defeat and duly obeyed the orders to surrender, broadcast by their emperor and relayed through their superiors. However, a minority did not. Their motives varied. Some had been cut off from communications with their chain of command, and so never received notice that the war was over and that they should surrender to Allied military personnel.

Others received the orders to surrender but did not trust their veracity because they had been strongly indoctrinated with their military’s bushido-based ethos. The duty to fight to the death and avoid the ignominy and dishonor of surrender had been drilled into them so often by their leaders, that it was inconceivable that those same leaders had actually gone ahead and accepted the ignominy and dishonor of surrender. That being so, it followed that the orders instructing them to surrender could not have possibly come from their government, but were an enemy trick or ruse of war.

Jaw Dropping World War II Stories that Deserve to be in the History Books
Japanese laying down their arms in Indochina before Indian soldiers. Warfare History Network

4. The Men Who Kept Up the Fight After World War II Had Ended

Some Japanese military personnel were true believers in their country’s claims that the war was fought to free fellow Asians from European colonialism. So they stayed behind when their comrades marched off to internment camps, and joined nationalist anticolonial movements such as the Viet Minh. Others suffered what would be diagnosed today as a post-traumatic stress disorder, snapped, and acted irrationally due to mental instability. And some were simply jerks, who could not swallow their pride and admit that all the wartime suffering and sacrifice had been for nothing, and accept the fact that they had been beaten. Whatever their motives, thousands of Japanese failed to surrender after the war had officially ended.

The majority of holdouts did not hold out for long. Within a few months, most were convinced that the war had ended. So they stacked their arms and turned themselves into the nearest Allied forces, or if unable to face the humiliation of surrender, committed suicide. Others were cut off from supplies of food and medicine, starved to death or succumbed to illness. Others were tracked down by Allied or native forces and killed. However, a tiny minority held out for far longer, continued the war and eluded capture or death for years – in some cases, for decades. As seen below, the first remarkable holdout feat took place in Saipan.

Jaw Dropping World War II Stories that Deserve to be in the History Books
US Marines landing on Saipan in 1944. World War II Today

3. A Japanese Captain’s Incredible Feat Popularized the Trope of Japanese Holdouts

The holdout of Captain Sakae Oba was relatively brief compared to others, but it was the first that captured widespread media and public attention, and his feat thus introduced the trope of Japanese holdouts to popular culture. Born in 1914, Oba joined the Imperial Japanese Army in 1934. After years of service in Manchukuo and China, he ended up in Saipan, three months before the US Marines invaded in June 1944. Despite fierce Japanese resistance, the Marines gradually beat back the island’s defenders.

At the end of their tether, Japanese commanders decided to go out in a final blaze of glory and ordered a massive banzai charge – the largest such charge of the entire war. Captain Oba was among the few Japanese survivors. He rounded up and took command of 46 other Japanese soldiers, along with 160 civilians, then struck off into the island’s jungles. After he hid the civilians in concealed caves and remote villages, Oba led his men in a guerrilla campaign.

Jaw Dropping World War II Stories that Deserve to be in the History Books
Sakae Oba. War Thunder Live

2. The Fox of Saipan

Captain Sakae Oba and his men caused the Americans on Saipan no end of trouble. They raided outposts and supply dumps, ambushed patrols, and took potshots at sentries. The US command sent out numerous patrols to track down and finish off the holdouts but to no avail. Plans were drawn for a massive dragnet in which American military personnel would line up across the entire island, separated from each other by only two meters, then sweep Saipan from end to end.

Jaw Dropping World War II Stories that Deserve to be in the History Books
A Marine moving cautiously through the jungle of Saipan. National Archives

In a masterful feat of evasiveness, the holdouts avoided detection, and the dragnet turned into a debacle that led to the reassignment of the chagrined officer in charge of the operation. Oba’s elusiveness led the Marines in Saipan to nickname him “The Fox”. Captain Oba and his men continued the fight after the war had ended. They dismissed as “fake news” and enemy propaganda the news of Japan’s surrender that were blared via loudspeakers and contained in leaflets airdropped over the jungle.

Jaw Dropping World War II Stories that Deserve to be in the History Books
The surrender of Sakae Oba. Japan Times

1. The End of a Remarkable World War II Holdout Feat

All in all, Captain Sakae Oba and his men held out in the jungles of Saipan for sixteen months after the island had fallen, and for three months after World War II had ended with Japan’s surrender. Eventually, US authorities brought in a Japanese general who had commanded a brigade in Saipan and sent him in to find and reason with Oba. Tramping through the jungle while whistling Japanese military tunes, the general drew out some of the holdouts, who took him to their commander.

After Captain Oba was presented with official documents from the Japanese Imperial General Headquarters that ordered him to lay down his arms, his holdout ended. On December 1st, 1945, Oba marched his charges out of their jungle hideouts, and in a dignified ceremony, surrendered his sword and his command, and brought to an end a remarkable feat of elusiveness. Upon repatriation to Japan, Sakae Oba led a productive life, worked in the private sector, then turned to politics and got elected to his city’s council. He died in 1992, aged 78.


Where Did We Find This Stuff? Some Sources and Further Reading

Blade Magazine – Heroic Cherokee Knife Thrower vs Nazi: The Nazi Loses

Brown, Anthony Cave – Bodyguard of Lies: The Extraordinary True Story Behind D-Day (1975)

Doolittle, James H. – I Could Never Be So Lucky Again: An Autobiography (1991)

Frontier Partisans – Grey Otter Never Missed

Garlinski, Jozef – Fighting Auschwitz: The Resistance Movement in the Concentration Camp (1993)

Groom, Winston – The Aviators: Eddie Rickenbacker, Jimmy Doolittle, Charles Lindbergh, and the Epic Age of Flight (2013)

Ha’aretz, August 27th, 2019 – The Jewish Dancer Undressed Slowly. Then She Shot an SS Soldier to Death

History Collection – Americans Who Fought in World War II, Korea, and Vietnam

History Collection – A Ballerina Who Stabbed an SS Guard With a Stiletto and Other Historic Rebels

History Daily – The Story Behind: A Member of the French Resistance Smiling at a German Firing Squad

Holt, Thaddeus – The Deceivers: Allied Military Deception in the Second World War (2004)

How Stuff Works – Japanese Holdouts

Macintyre, Ben – Double Cross: The True Story of the D-Day Spies (2012)

Naval History and Heritage Command – Doolittle Raid

Pujol, Juan – Operation GARBO: The Personal Story of the Most Successful Agent of World War II (1985)

Smithsonian Magazine, April 15th, 2015 – The Untold Story of the Vengeful Japanese Attack After the Doolittle Raid

Wikipedia – Doolittle Raid

Wikipedia – Sakae Oba

Wikipedia (French) – Georges Blind

World War 2 Wrecks – The Last Samurai: Sakai Oba and the Largest Banzai Charge of the War in the Pacific