The Women Who Inspired the World Despite Being Put Down
The Women Who Inspired the World Despite Being Put Down

The Women Who Inspired the World Despite Being Put Down

Larry Holzwarth - March 23, 2020

The Women Who Inspired the World Despite Being Put Down
A caricature of Coco Chanel dancing from 1913. Wikimedia

22. Gabrielle Chanel

Known to the world as Coco Chanel, Gabrielle Bonheur Chanel freed women from the corsets and formal appearance which preceded her designs. Chanel changed women’s clothing fashions, jewelry design, accessories, and her signature product, perfume. Her business expanded in post-World War I Europe, and her influence on women in the upper strata of society brought her into contact with leading politicians and influencers of public opinion throughout Europe and the United Kingdom. Among them were Winston Churchill and the Prince of Wales. Samuel Goldwyn hired her to design costumes for Hollywood films, and several leading stars of film hired her privately to design their clothes, including Greta Garbo.

She became controversial during and after World War II, allegedly collaborating with the German occupiers of France. She closed her shops and businesses during the war, residing in Paris at the Hotel Ritz. Following the liberation of Paris, she was investigated by French intelligence and only the personal intervention of Churchill prevented her arrest. Her collaboration led to legal disputes over her ownership of Chanel perfume. An agreement gave her 2% of ownership for the remainder of her life, giving her $25 million per year, as well as an agreement for the French government to pay all of her expenses. She remains a cultural icon in France, and Chanel No. 5 remains one of the world’s most popular fragrances among women.

The Women Who Inspired the World Despite Being Put Down
Marie Van Brittan Brown. Pinterest

23. Marie Van Brittan Brown

Marie Van Brittan Brown lived in the Jamaica neighborhood of Queens, New York in 1966. Her neighborhood suffered from a high rate of crime, and she noted the relatively slow response time to calls for police assistance. Brown worked as a nurse, her husband as an electrician, and their work schedules seldom coincided with each other. Both were concerned about their safety, especially at night. They worked together to create a home security system, which employed a camera which displayed images of someone outside their front door on a television set in their home. The camera could be maneuvered from inside the door, and was supplemented by peepholes.

They patented their system in 1966. It was the first closed-circuit television (CCTV) system, and variations of the design became ubiquitous around the world. Security cameras which record images came into existence in businesses, homes, and public areas around the world. As of 2016, according to a report by New Scientist Magazine, over 100 million CCTV systems operated around the world, helping prevent crime. They also became invaluable in helping investigators solve all forms of crime, identifying miscreants through the support of the public.

The Women Who Inspired the World Despite Being Put Down
Madame C. J. Walker at the wheel of her automobile prior to 1918. Wikimedia

24. Sarah Breedlove

Sarah Breedlove was born in Louisiana in 1867, to a family so poor that she was forced to work as a domestic servant as a child, following the death of both her parents. She married twice, her first husband died, her second was abusive and she abandoned him. In 1906 she met and married Charles Joseph Walker, a salesman. She began calling herself Madam C. J. Walker. Though they divorced in 1912 she continued to use the name. In the early twentieth century, she developed hair care products for her personal use, as well as for friends and family, using expertise provided by her brothers who worked as barbers in St. Louis.

In 1910, while still married, she started the Madam C. J. Walker Manufacturing Company, creating hair products and other toiletries for African-Americans. By 1919 she employed several thousand black women to market her products across the United States, especially in the south. They marketed her products door-to-door and in beauty parlors and barber shops. As her famed and influence grew, Sarah became active in philanthropy, civil rights, and women’s rights. Before she died in 1919 Sarah went from a dirt-poor orphan to America’s first self-made female millionaire. Her company continued to operate until 1981.

 

Where do we find this stuff? Here are our sources:

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“About Her Majesty the Queen”. Article, royal.uk. Online

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“The History of Elizabeth Fry Charity”. Article, Elizabeth Fry Charity. Online

“Katharine Graham”. Godfrey Hodgson, The Guardian. July 18, 2001

“Life of Jacqueline B. Kennedy”. Article, JFK Presidential Library and Museum. Online

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“Gwendolyn Brooks”. Article, Poetry Foundation. Online

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“Helen Keller”. Article, Perkins School for the Blind. Online

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“Princess Diana”. Article, Biography.com. March 6, 2020

“Mary Pickford: America’s first screen megastar”. Pamela Hutchinson, The Guardian. April 25, 2016

“Will the Search for Amelia Earhart Ever End?” Jerry Adler, Smithsonian Magazine. January, 2015

“The Right Way to Remember Rachel Carson”. Jill Lepore, The New Yorker. March 26, 2018

“Nellie Bly”. Arlisha Norwood, National Women’s History Museum. Online

“How Poverty Shaped Coco Chanel”. Jennifer Latson, TIME Magazine. August 19, 2015

“This African American woman invented your home security system”. Stephanie Buck, Timeline. June 13, 2017. Online

“Madam C. J. Walker”. Debra Michels, National Women’s History Museum. Online

“Women That Left Their Mark Throughout History”. Khalid Elhassan, History Collection. August 4, 2020

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