12. The Regulators arrested and tried several of their fellow prisoners
The group known as the Regulators had existed before Wirz issued his demand for the detention of the Raiders. But his statement granted them greater power, as well as the authority to both detain and try men suspected of crimes. Most of the Raiders were seized by the vigilante force between June 29, and July 10, 1864. The prisoners who formerly lived in fear of them established a court, including a jury, a judge, and a prosecuting attorney, to try the men. For those found guilty, as most were, the prisoners had at their disposal all of the disciplinary measures available to the camp. Among these were the stocks, thumbscrews, stringing up by the thumbs, whipping, and even execution by hanging. Most of the convicted Raiders were forced to run the gauntlet, beaten by two rows of men armed with clubs and whips.
Some of the men sentenced to the gauntlet were met their end by beating, or passed away shortly afterwards from the injuries sustained. The six most hated of the Raiders, accused of founding the criminal enterprise, were sentenced to hang. On July 11, 1864, the prisoners erected a gallows in the camp. One of their prisoners attempted to flee, but Confederate guards caught him and returned him to their executioners. All six were hanged that day, with the approval of Henry Wirz, in view of the rest of the Camp. Their bodies were taken down and carried outside of the stockade, to be buried at a site separate from those of the Union dead from the prison. Despite the end of the Raiders, thefts and violence continued among the prisoners, though Wirz allowed them to continue to police themselves rather than establish enforced order in Camp Sumter.