Ancient Rome had boundaries that extended all the way to modern Scotland, known at the time as Caledonia. Italy today is full of ruins from the empire. The ditch dug in this picture reveals an exceptionally well-preserved tile floor that was part of a Roman villa during the third century CE. It was found under a vineyard in 2020 and is still under study by the Verona Fine Arts and Landscape teams. Technicians are busy working to discover how extensive the floor is so that they can excavate it and preserve it according to modern methods.
Okay, that actually shouldn’t be too terribly surprising. Helmets protect the head, and this person died while wearing his helmet, so his head was still inside when they found it. Not surprising, but still really interesting. Experts believe the Corinthian helmet is from the Battle of Marathon, which gave rise to the legend about the Greek warrior who ran 26.2 miles to warn of the approaching army. Today, marathons are 26.2 miles in his honor. They fought the battle as part of the struggle between Ancient Greece and Ancient Persia, both of which were empires aiming to achieve dominance.
Take a look at this beautiful archeological find. Astrological rings were reasonably standard in the Late Medieval Period and the Renaissance. As shown in the picture, they usually had two to eight bands that could be folded down into a ring or unfolded to make a globe. Though common, they were a sign of status. Why? Because the jewelry came in gold and were very expensive to make. This one dates from the sixteenth century and could reveal astrological signs that the wearer could interpret. These rings and other astrological artifacts tell us how people during that period understood and used astrology.
Where Did We Find This Stuff? Some Sources and Further Reading