Facts That Contradict the Perception of Famous Historic Figures & Events
Facts That Contradict the Perception of Famous Historic Figures and Events

Facts That Contradict the Perception of Famous Historic Figures and Events

Khalid Elhassan - March 3, 2021

Facts That Contradict the Perception of Famous Historic Figures and Events
A cartoon from the 1884 presidential election, about the Maria Halpin scandal. Wikimedia

8. Grover Cleveland’s Perception as a Reformer Survived a Serious Scandal

As Maria Halpin stated, a few weeks after she was assaulted by Grover Cleveland, she discovered that she was pregnant. She gave birth to a baby boy in September of 1874. When she declared that Cleveland was the father, he used his connections to shut her up. He had the child removed from his mother’s care and placed in an orphanage and had Halpin committed to a mental asylum. She was quickly released after an evaluation concluded that she was not insane, and had only been institutionalized as a result of egregious abuse of power by corrupt political elites.

Because real life is not fair, and justice and karma are often a joke, Cleveland got away with it. His wholesome public perception survived Halpin’s accusations, and he went on to get elected Mayor of Buffalo, then Governor of New York, before running for president in 1884. News of the scandal and his illegitimate child came out during the presidential campaign, and his opponents attacked him for the contrast between his do-gooder public persona and his seedy private life. As seen below, he survived the scandal and won the election.

Facts That Contradict the Perception of Famous Historic Figures and Events
Frances Folsom. White House History

7. “Uncle Cleve” Went From Babysitting to Creeping

During the 1884 presidential election, Grover Cleveland’s campaign was dogged by chants from opponents, mimicking a baby crying “Ma! Ma! Where’s my Pa?!” He won, however, and his supporters retorted with: “Gone to the White House, ha, ha, ha!” Assault and fathering an illegitimate child upon his victim was the worst thing (that we know of) about Grover Cleveland. However, it was not his only pervy act. Another item from his personal life, which would amount to an icky scandal if it happened today, was the iffy relationship between Cleveland and his eventual wife, Frances Folsom (1864 – 1947).

Frances Clara Folsom, was born in Buffalo, New York, the only surviving child of Oscar Folsom, a lawyer and longtime close friend of Cleveland. At age 27, the future president met his future wife and future First Lady shortly after she was born. Cooing over the baby, Cleveland took an interest in Frances while she was still in swaddling clothes. He bought her a pram, used to babysit her as “Uncle Cleve”, and doted on her. Then things got creepy.

Facts That Contradict the Perception of Famous Historic Figures and Events
The White House wedding of Grover Cleveland and Frances Folsom. Wikimedia

6. The President Who Groomed a Baby to Be His Bride

In 1875, Frances Folsom’s father was killed in an accident while racing his carriage. He left no will, so a court-appointed Cleveland to administer his deceased friend’s estate. That brought him in closer contact with Frances, and he became her new father figure and hero. Unlike Frances’ real father, who had been notoriously careless of both his life and his family, “Uncle Cleve” was dependable, attentive, and doting. He continued to dote on Frances as she grew up, and at some point, things went from doting to grooming: Cleveland took to sending her flowers, with notes saying “I am waiting for my bride to grow up“.

People thought Cleveland was kidding, but he was in deadly earnest. After he was elected president and while Frances was in college, Cleveland sent her a letter proposing marriage and fretted like a schoolboy while awaiting her reply. She agreed, and on June 2nd, 1886, as the Marine Band was conducted by John Philip Sousa, 21-year-old Frances Folsom wed the 49-year-old president in the White House’s Blue Room. To date, it is the only time a president was married in the White House or while in office.

Facts That Contradict the Perception of Famous Historic Figures and Events
Mao Zedong. Nuovo Lobs

5. In Jarring Contrast to His Perception as a Monster, Mao Zedong Had a Sensitive Poet Side

Mao Zedong (1893 – 1976) led the Chinese Communist Party from 1935 until his death, and after the communists won control in 1949, he ruled China from that date until his demise. During his time in power, Mao was responsible for the deaths of tens of millions Chinese. They were killed outright by his followers, or starved to death because of Mao’s disastrous policies. However, there was more to Mao than a revolutionary and man of action. In jarring contrast to his well-deserved reputation as a monster, Mao was also a poet.

Facts That Contradict the Perception of Famous Historic Figures and Events
Chairman Mao. Retrographik

In addition to being a prolific mass murder, Mao was also a prolific writer. Surprisingly, for a man so politically radical and revolutionary, he liked to write and pen verses in classical Chinese forms. It would be like a modern American anarchist who likes writing in the manner of Chaucer. As with most intellectuals of his generation, Mao’s education was based on a foundation of classical Chinese literature. However, while most of his contemporaries moved on to modern styles and themes, Mao stuck with the old when it came to literature and poetry.

Facts That Contradict the Perception of Famous Historic Figures and Events
A young Mao Zedong, circa 1925. Wikimedia

4. Mao Was Actually a Decent Poet

Mao began composing poetry in his youth. Indeed, his image as a poet was a significant part of the Chinese public’s perception of Mao as he rose to power. He was actually considered a good poet. Not just by critics in China, who would have been foolhardy indeed to pan his poetry, but also by literary critics outside China and beyond Mao’s clutches. His poetry tended to be on romantic end of things, rather than the more modern realist genre, and resembled the seventh to ninth century Tang Dynasty’s style.

Facts That Contradict the Perception of Famous Historic Figures and Events
The Young Mao Zedong Statue in Hunan, China. Wikimedia

Alone I stand in the autumn cold
On the tip of Orange Island,
The Xiang flowing northward;
I see a thousand hills crimsoned through
By their serried woods deep-dyed,
And a hundred barges vying
Over crystal blue waters.
Eagles cleave the air,
Fish glide under the shallow water;
Under freezing skies a million creatures contend in freedom.
Brooding over this immensity,
I ask, on this bondless land
Who rules over man’s destiny?
I was here with a throng of companions,
Vivid yet those crowded months and years.
Young we were, schoolmates,
At life’s full flowering;
Filled with student enthusiasm
Boldly we cast all restraints aside.
Pointing to our mountains and rivers,
Setting people afire with our words,
We counted the mighty no more than muck.
Remember still
How, venturing midstream, we struck the waters
And the waves stayed the speeding boats?

Mao Zedong – Changsha

Facts That Contradict the Perception of Famous Historic Figures and Events
A gold aureus depicting Nero and his mother. CNG Coins

3. This Emperor Was Horrible, But Contra His Perception, He Was Also an Artist at Heart

Nero was one of ancient Rome’s worst rulers. He was born in 37 AD, a nephew of the emperor Caligula, and grand-nephew of his successor, the emperor Claudius. Claudius fell in love with his niece and Nero’s mother, Agrippina. He married her and adopted Nero, naming him his heir and successor. Agrippina had Claudius poisoned in 54 AD, and her teenaged son became emperor. She dominated Nero during the first five years of his rule, so to escape her smothering embrace, he decided to murder her.

Facts That Contradict the Perception of Famous Historic Figures and Events
Agrippina crowning Nero. Pintrest

Nero tried to make it look accidental, such as with a roof designed to collapse and crush her. The roof fell on and crushed one of her maids, instead. Next, Nero gifted his mother a pleasure barge, which was rigged to capsize in the middle of a lake. Before Nero’s horrified gaze as he watched from a villa overlooking the lake, his mother swam from the sinking barge to shore like an otter. At his wit’s end, and dreading an awkward confrontation, Nero sent in some sailors to club her death with oars. With his mother out of the way, Nero was finally free to indulge his fantasies of… being an artist and Olympics champion.

Facts That Contradict the Perception of Famous Historic Figures and Events
Nero. Notibras

2. An Imperial Artist and Olympic Athlete

After freeing himself from his domineering mother, Nero gave free rein to his impulses and indulged himself to the fullest. Fancying himself a talented musician, he threw exceptionally long concerts, during which he sang while playing a lyre. Few dared leave before completion, or display anything less than rapt attention. The performances were so bad that women faked labor in order to leave, and men faked heart attacks or death so they could get carried out. Still, that was nothing compared to Nero’s pursuit of his dream to become an Olympics champion. He kicked that off by having the games delayed for two years until he could visit Greece.

Facts That Contradict the Perception of Famous Historic Figures and Events
Nero. Wikimedia

Nero competed in chariot racing, and his competitors tried to throw the race by slowing down. Still, Nero failed to reach the finish line because he crashed and wrecked his chariot. The judges, combining sycophancy with fear of an unstable man who could have them crucified with a snap of his fingers, awarded him the victor’s wreath anyhow, reasoning that he would have won but for the crash. They also awarded him victor’s wreaths for every event in which he competed, for events in which he did not compete, and for events that were not even part of the Olympic competition, such as singing and lyre playing.

Facts That Contradict the Perception of Famous Historic Figures and Events
Nero strumming a lyre and singing as Rome burns. The Daily Mirror

1. “Oh, What an Artist Dies In Me!

Nero spent extravagantly in pursuit of his hobbies and to satisfy his whims, until the treasury was emptied. In the meantime, he left the business of running the government to incompetent and corrupt cronies who wrecked it. By 68 AD, the Roman Empire had had enough, and numerous rebellions broke out. In Rome, the Senate officially declared Nero a public enemy, and his Praetorian Guard abandoned him. Nero toyed with impractical ideas, such as throwing himself upon the mercy of the public and begging their forgiveness. He thought that if he sang for them while playing the lyre, it would “soften their hearts”, and he would be allowed to retire to an out-of-the-way province as its governor.

Facts That Contradict the Perception of Famous Historic Figures and Events
‘Nero’s Death’, by Vasily Smirnov. Times Literary Supplement

He composed a speech and wrote a song. However, he changed his mind after it was pointed out that he would probably be torn apart by a mob as soon as he was sighted in public, before he got the chance to orate or sing. While mulling alternatives, news came that he had been declared a public enemy by the Senate, had been sentenced to be publicly beaten to death, and that soldiers were on the way to arrest him. All hope gone, Nero decided to end his life. Unable to do it himself, he had a freedman stab him, crying out before the fatal blow: “Oh, what an artist dies in me!” The perception of him molded by time.


Where Did We Find This Stuff? Some Sources and Further Reading

British Library, The – Magna Carta, an Introduction

Burgan, Michael – Empire of the Mongols (2005)

Bushkin, Henry – Johnny Carson (2013)

Cracked – 5 Famous People Whose Entire Personality Was an Act

Daily Beast, May 23rd, 2011 – Grover Cleveland’s Sex Scandal: The Most Despicable in American Political History

Encyclopedia Britannica – Magna Carta: History, Summary, & Importance

Guardian, The, March 31st, 2011 – Dictator Lit: Saddam Hussein Tortured Metaphors, Too

Hildinger, Erik – Warriors of the Steppe: Military History of Central Asia, 500 BC to 1700 AD (1997)

Jones, Dan – The Plantagenets: The Warrior Kings and Queens Who Made England (2014)

Kanfer, Stefan – Tough Without a Gun: The Life and Extraordinary Afterlife of Humphrey Bogart (2012)

Las Vegas Sun, January 24th, 2005 – Carson Had Long Vegas History

Schickel, Richard – Bogie: A Celebration of the Life and Films of Humphrey Bogart (2006)

Suetonius – The Twelve Caesars

Tacitus – The Annals

Washington Post, July 3rd, 2014 – The First Celebrity First Lady: Frances Cleveland

Wikipedia – John, King of England

Wikipedia – Mongol Military Tactics and Organization

Wikipedia – Poetry of Mao Zedong