17. Vicious bank robberies didn’t end in the 1930s
In 1984, the First National Bank of Chattanooga in Geronimo, Oklahoma, was the site of one of the most vicious bank robberies in American history on December 14 of that year. Early in the afternoon a man entered the bank, took the staff he found there into the back, forced them to lie on the floor, and then stabbed them to death. Seventy-five stab wounds were inflicted on the three employees, and the stabbings only ended when they were interrupted by the entry of three customers, who were taken to the back at gunpoint and shot in the head. Two of them survived, as did a fourteen-month-old child, who was not shot because the robber’s ammunition ran out.
The murderers and thieves, Jay Wesley Neill, who did the killings, and Robert Grady Johnson, were arrested on December 17 in a San Francisco hotel, traced there by the trail of marked bills which had paid for their transit. They were both convicted of the crimes in 1985 and sentenced to death for capital murder and several other crimes in connection with the robbery. When those convictions were overturned (they had been tried together) they have tried again, in separate trials, and again both were convicted. Johnson was sentenced to four life sentences and Neill was again given the death penalty. He was executed at the Oklahoma State Penitentiary in 2002, by lethal injection.
18. The Norco shootout resulted from an attempted bank robbery
The Norco shootout in the town of that name in California took place on May 9, 1980, between five bank robbers and deputies of the Riverside County and later San Bernardino County sheriff’s departments. The robbers were armed with rifles, handguns, and shotguns. Two bank robbers and one deputy died in the gun battle, nine officers were wounded. The robbers shot up more than two dozen patrol cars and damaged a police helicopter. The shootout began in the parking lot of the Security Pacific Bank, where one robber was killed, leading the others to steal a car in the lot and lead police on a 25-mile chase. Riverside deputies were assisted in the high-speed chase by officers of other agencies as it entered Sam Bernardino County. Once the robbers reached an area near Lytle Creek they again engaged the pursuers.
After the second gun battle in San Bernardino County, the surviving robbers escaped into the San Bernardino Mountains. They remained at large until two days later when they were encountered in the general region of the second shootout. In yet another gun battle with police, a second robber was killed. The remaining three were taken into custody. The robbery had yielded a haul of about $20,000, most of which was recovered and the three surviving robbers were convicted of 46 felonies for their crimes, and all three were sentenced to life in prison without the possibility of parole. For most of the shootout, the deputies had been outgunned by the bank robbers and changes to the arming of the San Bernardino Sheriff’s Department were the direct result of the gun battles following the robbery.
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