Women That Left Their Mark Throughout History
Women That Left Their Mark Throughout History

Women That Left Their Mark Throughout History

Khalid Elhassan - August 4, 2020

Women That Left Their Mark Throughout History
Execution of Joan of Arc. Catholica

2. That’s Gratitude for You

The Burgundians eventually sold Joan of Arc to the English. Although she had saved France, she was now abandoned by her countrymen to fend for herself. The English and their French collaborators accused her of heresy and witchcraft, and locked her in a dark and filthy cell pending her trial. Manacled to her bed with chains, she was incessantly harassed by her inquisitors at all hours of day and night in an effort to break her will and spirit.

She adamantly refused to confess to wrongdoing, and her accusers were unable to prove either heresy or witchcraft. In frustration, they turned their attention to the way in which she had dressed in male attire on the field of battle. Claiming that such cross dressing violated biblical injunctions, they convicted her. On May 30th, 1431, she was taken on a cart to her site of execution in Rouen, where the nineteen year old Maid of Orleans burned to death.

Women That Left Their Mark Throughout History
Saint Joan of Arc. Emaze

1. From Heretic to National Heroine and Saint

Two decades after Joan of Arc was burned at the stake, an inquisitorial court was ordered by a new Pope to reexamine her trial. The new court debunked all the charges against her, cleared her posthumously, and declared her a martyr. In 1803, Napoleon Bonaparte made her a national symbol of France.

Five centuries after she had been executed as a heretic, Joan of Arc was beatified in 1909, then canonized as a Saint by the Catholic Church in 1920. Today, Saint Joan of Arc is one of the patron saints of France, and the most famous female warrior of all time.


Where Did We Find This Stuff? Some Sources and Further Reading

Ancient Origins – Grace O’Malley: The 16th Century Pirate Queen of Ireland

Australian Dictionary of Biography – Armfield, Lillian May (1884-1971)

Black History Heroes – Queen Nana Yaa Asantewaa of West Africa’s Ashanti Empire

Cracked – Badass Women History Class Totally Failed to Mention

Culture Trip – Hai Ba Trung: The Story of Vietnam’s Elephant-Riding Warrior Princesses

Dangerous Women Project – Yaa Asantewaa, Queen Mother of the Ashanti Confederacy

Devi, Mahasweta – The Queen of Jhansi (2000)

Devries, Kelly – Joan of Arc: A Military Leader (2011)

Encyclopedia Britannica – Lakshmi Bai

Female Pirates – Anne Dieu-le-Veut

History Ireland, March/ April 2005, Volume 13 – Grainne Mhaol, Pirate Queen of Connacht: Behind the Legend

New South Wales State Archives & Records – Tilly Devine and the Razor Gang Wars, 1927 – 1931

Pernoud, Regine – Joan of Arc by Herself and Her Witnesses (1982)

Rejected Princesses – Alexandra Boiko: Soviet Tank Girl

Straw, Leigh S. L. – Lillian Armfield: How Australia’s First Female Detective Took on Tilly Devine and the Razor Gangs and Changed the Face of the Force (2018)

Taylor, Keith Weller – The Birth of Vietnam (1983)

University of Notre Dame, Australia – Tackling Sydney’s Organized Crime, Armed With Just a Handbag

War History Online – Queen of Ghana and War For the Golden Stool

Wikipedia – Anne Dieu-le-Veut

Wikipedia – War of the Golden Stool