Life in the United States in 1970s
Life in the United States in 1970s

Life in the United States in 1970s

Larry Holzwarth - January 19, 2020

Life in the United States in 1970s
The creation of OSHA in 1970 was a compomise between the White House and both Houses of Cngress. White House

25. The Occupational Safety and Health Act was signed at the end of 1970

On December 29 President Nixon signed into law the Occupational Safety and Health Act. The new law made it a requirement for employers to ensure working conditions were free of known hazards, or that proper procedures and equipment were provided to minimize them. More than 2 million workers were injured on the job in each of the two years preceding OSHA’s passage. 14,000 were killed in work accidents per year. Some progressive states, including New York and California, produced workplace safety acts on their own, but OSHA was the first sweeping federal effort to address the issue.

Not surprisingly business leaders strongly resisted the act. Both the United States Chamber of Commerce and the National Association of Manufacturers led the resistance, as they had with earlier attempts to enact similar legislation. Labor unions generally supported the measure. The act created the Occupational Safety and Health Administration within the Department of Labor. It was assigned the authority to establish and enforce regulations for enforcement of the provisions the act, beginning on April 28, 1971. The law specifically excluded the United States under the definition of an employer, but it covered its agencies, Amtrak, and the United States Postal Service.


Where do we find this stuff? Here are our sources:

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“The May 4 Shootings At Kent State University: The Search For Historical Accuracy”. Jerry M. Lewis and Thomas R. Hensley. Kent State University. Online

“War Foes Here Attacked By Construction Workers”. Homer Bigert, The New York Times. May 9, 1970

“The much-maligned AMC Gremlin is gaining legitimacy as a collector car”. Jim Koscs, Hagerty. February 19, 2019. Online

“Apollo 13”. Article, NASA. July 8, 2009. Online

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Why the Beatles broke up”. Mikal Gilmore, Rolling Stone. September 3, 2009. Online

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The Conundrum of Selecting the 1970 NCAA Football National Champion”. Article, Scorum. January, 2019

A Look Back at the Greatest 1970s Fashion Moments”. Jennifer Algoo, Nicole Saunders. Harper’s Bazaar. January 14, 2019

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“About OSHA”. United States Department of Labor. Online