40 Facts About the Holiday of Love
40 Facts About the Holiday of Love

40 Facts About the Holiday of Love

D.G. Hewitt - September 2, 2019

40 Facts About the Holiday of Love
The Victorians led the way in producing Valentine’s Day cards in the thousands. Pinterest.

17. Steam-powered printing presses made Valentine’s Day cards affordable to the masses

We have the Industrial Revolution to thank for the mass-produced Valentine’s Day cards many people send today. The arrival of the steam-powered printing press meant that thousands of cards could be produced in an hour, bringing the price down and making them affordable to almost everyone. In the United States, Esther A. Howland became known as the “Mother of the Valentine” when she began selling the country’s first mass-produced cards in America in the 1840s. And then, in 1913, Hallmark Cards, was established and soon became a market leader.

40 Facts About the Holiday of Love
Even Dickens was worried that mass-produced cards lacked a touch of romance. Pinterest.

16. Charles Dickens even thought mass-produced card factories were taking the romance out of Valentine’s Day!

It wasn’t just in the United States where Valentine’s Day cards were produced in huge numbers. Charles Dickens commented on the phenomenon, believing that it took some of the romance out of the gesture of giving a card. The English author described how one London card producer earned the nickname ‘Cupid’s Manufactory’. Here, as many as 3,000 women were employed making cards in the build up to the big day. These days, the Laura Seddon Greeting Card Collection at the Manchester Metropolitan University boasts a unique collection of historic Valentine’s cards and other printed romantic gestures, from the touching to the creepy.

40 Facts About the Holiday of Love
One of the strangest examples of Victorian-era Valentine’s Day cards. Culture24.

15. The Victorians’ idea of romance could be downright weird, as one particularly hairy card shows

The Victorians were big fans of Valentine’s Day cards. But their ideas of romance were a long way from modern ones. Historians of the era have uncovered many downright bizarre romantic gestures. In 2014, the York Castle Museum in the north of England revealed its strangest Valentine’s Day card, with real human hair glued on top of the greeting to resemble a man’s mustache. The quirky attempt at Victorian-era human included a caption that reads: “For The New Woman! With St. Valentine’s Heartiest Greetings and Best Hopes that she will receive another (mustache) – With A Man Attached.”

40 Facts About the Holiday of Love
Throughout the 19th century, people started to keep their Valentine’s Day cards anonymous. History extra.

14. Even the most romantic Victorian lady or gentleman thought it was bad luck to sign a Valentine’s Day card

As we’ve seen, the Duke of Orleans was credited with sending the first Valentine all the way back in 1415. The imprisoned Duke signed his card to his wife, and this continued to be the tradition for many centuries. However, the Victorians believed it was bad luck to sign a Valentine’s Day card, even if it was to your wife or husband. This 19th century English superstition quickly spread around the world, and to this day, millions of anonymous cards are sent each year.

40 Facts About the Holiday of Love
This 1784 book of poems gave us the lines ‘Rose are red…’. Thorn Books.

13. ‘Roses are red’ was first published as a poem at the end of the 18th century and has been popular ever since

The very first instance of the cliched Valentine’s Day poem ‘Roses are red’ being used is in an 18th century nursery rhyme. Entitled Gammer Gurton’s Garland, the poem has been reproduced countless times since it first appeared in print back in 1784. While it’s been adapted and tweaked many times over, the original went: “The rose is red, the violet’s blue, The honey’s sweet, and so are you. Thou art my love and I am thine; I drew thee to my Valentine. The lot was cast and then I drew, And Fortune said it should be you.”

40 Facts About the Holiday of Love
For men who struggled with words, Valentine messaging services were available. Pinterest.

12. Victorian gentlemen didn’t have to write their own Valentine’s messages – they could buy a bestselling book full of them

In 1797, an enterprising English publisher saw a business opportunity – penning romantic messages for tongue-tied (or simply illiterate) men. Their book, entitled The Young Man’s Valentine Writer, was an instant bestseller. It contained not only single lines or romantic prose but entire sentimental verses and whole poems. At first, men would have to copy these words of romance out of the guidebook and into a card. Before long, however, factories began producing so-called ‘Mechanical Valentine’s’, or cards with romantic messages already printed inside them.

40 Facts About the Holiday of Love
Despite the bloodshed, America still celebrated Valentine’s Day throughout the Civil War. Wikimedia Commons.

11. During the American Civil War, sweet ‘cockles’ were popular Valentine gifts

The tradition of giving candy hearts to your Valentine dates back to the American Civil War. However, these sweet treats were much simpler – and probably much healthier too – back then. Back in 1870s America, they were known as ‘cockles’, and for obvious reasons. Made out of crisped candy, they were usually shaped like small cockles and shells. Soldiers would scribble little declarations of love onto tint strips of paper and then affix these onto the cockles. They would then send the finished article to their Valentine, and so yet another tradition was born.

40 Facts About the Holiday of Love
Candy lovehearts were invented way back in the 19th century. Pinterest.

10. A family business invented candies with love messages on them back in 1866

In 1866, the New England Confectionery Company (better known as NECCO) came up with a killer idea. Daniel Chase, whose brother Oliver had set up the company, believed there was a big market for candies with messages printed directly onto them. And he was right. Thanks to their specially-developed candy-making machine, the brothers were able to produce these early love hearts in huge amounts. Finally, in 1902, NECCO launched the Sweethearts brand, and it remains popular to this day, and regularly updates the affectionate messages printed onto the candies.

40 Facts About the Holiday of Love
In England, Cadbury’s Valentine’s Day boxes were a 19th century phenomenon. Wikimedia Commons.

9. Victorian ladies loved to receive chocolates, especially special romantic boxes from Cadbury

The British also had their own candy hearts. However, chocolate has long been a more popular Valentine’s Day gift here. In 1868, the chocolate giant Cadbury launched their ‘Fancy Boxes’. The boxes were shaped like a heart, nicely decorated and were filled with a variety of chocolatey treats. They were launched in time for Valentine’s Day that year and were an instant hit. So much so, in fact, that the company carried on producing them in huge numbers and giving a Fancy Box to your beloved quickly became a Valentine’s Day tradition for romantic Britons.

40 Facts About the Holiday of Love
Valentine’s Day hasn’t always been loving – as the Jews of Strasbourg know. Pinterest.

8. Valentine’s Day has seen plenty of bloodshed, as well as love and romance, over the centuries

Valentine’s Day hasn’t always been a day or love and romance, however. Indeed, for French Jews, the day is particularly significant – and not for good reasons. Back in 1349, several hundred Jews living in the city of Strasbourg were attacked as part of a Europe-wide pogrom. While the exact number of innocent victims is not known, several hundred were undoubtedly burnt to death, with their fellow citizens watching on. Hundreds more were forcibly expelled from the city and their property divided up among the killers.

40 Facts About the Holiday of Love
Legendary explorer Captain Cook was brutally killed on Valentine’s Day. Wikimedia Commons.

7. Captain James Cook was killed on Hawaii on Valentine’s Day while exploring the Pacific

Valentine’s Day of 1779 was also a dark day for the British Empire. It was on this day that one of the country’s most-revered explorers, Captain James Cook, met his end, many thousands of miles from home. While exploring the northern Pacific, Cook was killed by the native people of Hawaii following a quarrel. According to the accounts of his crew, Cook was attacked whilst trying to take a tribe’s king with him onto his ship, the Resolution. At first, he was clubbed in the head and then, when he lay in the surf, he was stabbed repeatedly.

40 Facts About the Holiday of Love
The creepy figure of Jack Valentine remains a popular tradition in eastern England. Pinterest.

6. In Norfolk, England, ‘Jack Valentine‘ has been loved – and feared – by children for centuries

In the English county of Norfolk, people in the Middle Ages invented the tradition of ‘Jack’ Valentine. According to the local legend, Jack would stalk through villages in the east of the country after dark, though only on the eve of Valentine’s Day. He would leave candies and other sweet treats on the doorsteps of not just women but children as well. And the tradition continues to this day. Curiously, though Jack Valentine brings candies and is said to be completely harmless, children are traditionally supposed to be scared of him.

40 Facts About the Holiday of Love
The State of Arizona celebrates joining the U.S.A. in 1912. Wikimedia Commons.

5. The states of Arizona and Oregon both joined the United States on Valentine’s Day

The people of Arizona and Oregon don’t just celebrated love and romance on 14 February. Some extra-patriotic citizens also celebrate their states’ admission to the United States. Arizona became the 48th member of the United States when it joined on Valentine’s Day in 1912. This meant it was the last of the contiguous states to join, with only Alaska and Hawaii coming after. Oregon joined the union way back on Valentine’s Day of 1859.

40 Facts About the Holiday of Love
Police recreate the infamous Valentine’s Day Massacre in Chicago. Wikipedia.

4. The Saint Valentine’s Day Massacre is still an unsolved crime – was Capone or the cops behind it?

The Saint Valentine’s Day Massacre rocked Chicago back in 1929. The massacre was the bloodiest part of a long-standing feud between the Irish North Siders organised crime racket and their Italian South Side rivals, led by the legendary gangster Al Capone. On that infamous morning, a group of assailants ambushed 7 members and associates of the North Side Gang at a Lincoln Park garage. The victims were made to line up against a wall and then mercilessly executed. The perpetrators were never caught. Inevitably, Capone himself was widely blamed for the massacre, However, some have said that the killings were carried out by members of the Chicago Police Department seeking revenge for the murder of the son of a fellow officer.

40 Facts About the Holiday of Love
In Japan, only women give their lovers gifts on Valentine’s Day. Pinterest.

3. A translating error back in the 1930s means that only women give Valentine’s Day gifts in Japan

When Valentine’s Day was introduced to Japan in 1936 – by a chocolate company, of course – it was embraced as a day for women to treat their loved ones. The meaning of the day was mis-translated and, from then on, it was only loved-up females buying gifts. That tradition continues to this day. To make up for this, a new tradition was also invented: Exactly one month after Valentine’s Day, Japanese men would return the favor, buying the special ladies in their lives chocolates or other romantic gifts.

40 Facts About the Holiday of Love
Sailor’s Valentines were picked up by seamen in the Caribbean in the 19th century. Pinterest.

2. Lovelorn seamen would collect Sailor’s Valentines in the Caribbean in the 19th century – and now they sell for big money

Today, collectors will pay good money for ‘Sailor’s Valentines’. These unique gifts were hugely popular from around 1830 to 1890 but quickly fell out of favor. Adorned with shells and intricately decorates, the small wooden were traditionally picked up for their sweethearts when they went ashore in the Caribbean. Barbados was a particularly popular place for picking up such a trinket. Traditionally, the local women made them from shells imported from Indonesia, selling them only love-struck American sailors for a healthy profit.

40 Facts About the Holiday of Love
Saint Valentine lost his official Feast Day in the 1960s, but remains as popular as ever. Wikimedia Commons.

1. The Church took Saint Valentine’s Day off its official back in 1969 due to a lack of evidence about his life

In 1969, the Catholic Church removed the Saints Days of 100 saints from its official calendar. In some cases, they removed the days dedicated to men and women whose behavior was, in retrospect, far from saintly. At the same time, the Church also took away the days dedicated to saints whose stories remain unclear. Among those who got the axe from the official Catholic calendar was Saint Valentine. According to the Church authorities, there isn’t enough evidence about his life or work to grant him an official Feast Day.

 

Where did we find this stuff? Here are our sources:

“The Origins of Wearing Your Heart on Your Sleeve.” Smithsonian Magazine, February 2013.

“Cockles, Motto Lozenges and Sweethearts.” The Library of Congress, February 2011.

“The Dark Origins of Valentine’s Day.” NPR.org, February 2011.

“The Gory Origins of Valentine’s Day.” Smithsonian Magazine, February 2018.

“A brief history of Valentine’s Day cards.” BBC History Magazine.

“What is Valentine’s Day and how did it start?” BBC Newsround.

“Valentine’s Day Meaning: The Real Story of Saint Valentine.” Information Nigeria.

“The Mysterious History of the Real Saint Behind Valentine’s Day.” Time.com.

St. Valentine, the Real Story.” CBN.

“The history behind Valentine’s Day.” Business Insider, February 2018.

“Valentine’s Day.” National Geographic Kids.

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