20 Pieces of Evidence That Support Events in the Bible
20 Pieces of Evidence That Support Events in the Bible

20 Pieces of Evidence That Support Events in the Bible

Steve - March 15, 2019

20 Pieces of Evidence That Support Events in the Bible
“Judas Iscariot”, by James Tissot (c. 1886-1894). Wikimedia Commons.

1. Among the most important figures in the Christian canon, the existence of Judas Iscariot was not widely accepted by the historical community for many years

Judas Iscariot, one of the original Twelve Disciples of Jesus, remains among the most notorious and important individuals in the New Testament, responsible for the betrayal of Jesus to the Romans in the Garden of Gethsemane. Today synonymous with betrayal and widely accepted to have been a real person, lacking corroborating evidence outside Christian literature, the literal existence of Judas was a topic of considerable historical debate for many centuries. Relying instead on logical argumentation rather than actual earthly discoveries, historians have coalesced around the firm conclusion that such a person did indeed exist.

Firstly, as reasoned by Ehrman who contended Judas’ betrayal “is about as historically certain as anything else in the tradition”, the inclusion of an Apostle turning on Jesus would not have been made up for its negative aspersions cast upon the divine persona by connotation. Moreover, few narrative traditions are shared by all four canonical gospels, contradicting each other on many other crucial points; Judas, in contrast, is almost unique in their collective agreement. As a result, the prevailing historical opinion has concluded that although “we only know two basic facts about Judas”, one of these is that “he handed over Jesus to the Jerusalem authorities”.

 

Where do we find this stuff? Here are our sources:

History Collection – David vs. Goliath: Round Two of the Little Guy Triumphs

Biblical Archeology Society – The Tel Dan Inscription: The First Historical Evidence of King David from the Bible

British Library – The Ten Plagues of Egypt

The Washington Post – No, really: There Is A Scientific Explanation For The Parting Of The Red Sea In Exodus

The New York Times – Tomb May Hold the Bones of Priest Who Judged Jesus

“Setting the Record Straight: What Are We Making of the Tel Dan Inscription”, George Athas, Journal of Semitic Studies (2006)

“Jesus and the Rise of Early Christianity: A History of the New Testament”, Paul Barnett, InterVarsity Press (2002)

“For the Very First Time: A Residential Building from the Time of Jesus was Exposed in the Heart of Nazareth”, Israeli Antiquities Authority (December 21, 2009)

“The First Intermediate Period and the Middle Kingdom”, Harco Willems, in “A Companion to Ancient Egypt”, Alan B. Lloyd, John Wiley & Sons (2010)

“Edom, Edomites: Archaeological Encyclopaedia of the Holy Land”, Avraham Negev and Shimon Gibson, Continuum Publishing (2005)

“Egypt, Canaan, and Israel in Ancient Times”, Donald Redford, Princeton University Press (1992)

“Resurrecting the Brother of Jesus: The James Ossuary Controversy and the Quest for Religious Relics”, Ryan Byrne, University of North Carolina Press (2009)

“Just James: The Brother of Jesus in History and Tradition”, John Painter, University of South Carolina Press (2004)

“King Solomon’s Wall Found: Proof of Bible Tale?”, Mati Milstein, National Geographic Magazine (February 27, 2010)

“The Flood Myth”, Alan Dundes, University of California Press (1988)

“From Eden to Exile: Unravelling Mysteries of the Bible”, Eric H. Cline, National Geographic (2007)

“Recent Discoveries in the City of David, Jerusalem”, R. Reich, E. Shukron, and O. Lernau, Israel Exploration Journal (2007)

“The Tower of Babel and the Origin of the World’s Cultures”, Theodore Hiebert, Journal of Biblical Literature (2007)

“Understanding the Bible”, Stephen L. Harris, McGraw-Hill Publishing (2006)

“The Geopolitical History of Philistine Gath”, W. Schniedewind, Bulletin of the American School of Oriental Research (1998)

“Excavating Philistine Gath: Have We Found Goliath’s Hometown”, A. Maeir and C. Ehrlich, Biblical Archaeological Review (2001)

“The Bible Unearthed: Archaeology’s New Vision of Ancient Israel and the Origin of its Sacred Texts”, Israel Finkelstein, Touchstone (2002)

“Fit for a Queen: Jezebel’s Royal Seal”, Marjo C.A. Korpel, Biblical Archaeological Society (2008)

“History and Ideology in the Old Testament”, James Barr, Oxford University Press (2005)

“Nehemiah’s Wall Found”, Stephen Flurry, The Trumpet (January 2008)

“Jesus Outside the New Testament: An Introduction to the Ancient Evidence”, Robert E. Van Voorst, Eerdmans Publishing (2000)

“The Historical Figure of Jesus”, Ed P. Sanders, Allen Lane Penguin Press (1994)

“Biblical plagues and the parting of Red Sea ‘caused by volcano'”, Jonathan Petre, The Telegraph (November 11, 2002)

“Ancient Israel in Sinai: The Evidence for the Authenticity of the Wilderness Tradition”, James K. Hoffmeier, Oxford University Press (2005)

“Isaiah: A Commentary”, Brevard S. Childs, John Knox Press (2000)

“Caiaphas’ Cave”, Times Magazine (August 24, 1992)

“Caiaphas: Friend of Rome and Judge of Jesus?”, Helen Catharine Bond, John Knox (2004)

“Israeli Archaeologist Says He Has Found King David’s Citadel”, Associated Press (May 7, 2014)

“Carbon dating undermines biblical narrative for ancient Jerusalem tower”, Amanda Borschel-dan, Times of Israel (June 19, 2017)

“The Many Faces of Herod the Great”, Adam Kolman Marshak, Eerdmans Publishing (2015)

“The Life and Times of Herod the Great”, Stewart Perowne, Sutton (2003)

“A New Inscription Which Mentions Pilate as ‘Prefect'”, Jerry Vardaman, Journal of Biblical Literature (1962)

“Pontius Pilate in History and Interpretation, Helen K. Bond”, Cambridge University Press (1998)

“Jesus: Apocalyptic Prophet of the New Millennium”, Bart D. Ehrman, Oxford University Press (1999)

“Judas: A Biography”, Susan Gubar, W.W. Norton & Company (2009)

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