16 Facts About the Brutality of Viking Life
16 Facts About the Brutality of Viking Life

16 Facts About the Brutality of Viking Life

Steve - November 29, 2018

Where do we find this stuff? Here are our sources:

Viking Answer Lady – Hólmgang and Einvigi: Scandinavian Forms of the Duel

New York Time Magazine – Viking Age Smallpox Complicates Story of Viral Evolution

Listverse – 10 Interesting Viking Rituals

History Extra – The Truth About Viking Berserkers

Medievalists – The Vikings, Their Worms, And The Diseases They Got

History Channel – What We Know About Vikings and Slaves

“Magical Medicine in Viking Scandinavia”, D. Robertson, Journal of Medical History (1976)

“The Vikings and Homosexuality”, Gunnora Hallakarva, Fordham University

“The Unmanly Man: Concepts of Sexual Defamation in Early Northern Society”, Preben Sorenson, Odense University Press (1983)

“Hólmganga and Einvigi: Scandinavian Forms of the Duel”, Olav Bo, Medical Scandinavia (1969)

“The Old Icelandic Duel”, Marlene Ciklamini, Scandinavian Studies (1963)

“Some Characteristics of the Icelandic ‘Holmganga'”, Gwyn Jones, Journal of English and Germanic Philology (1933)

“Tooth filing was a worldwide craze among Viking men”, Maev Kennedy, The Guardian (July 11, 2011)

“Fang-tastic! Viking remains reveal warriors filed their teeth to appear more ferocious to enemies”, The Daily Mail (July 7, 2011)

“Incisor raiding: Viking marauders had patterns filed into their teeth”, Maev Kennedy, The Guardian (July 4, 2011)

“The Historical Encylopedia of World Slavery: Volume 1, A-K”, Junius Rodriguez, ABC-CLIO (1997)

“How the Barbarian Invasions Shaped the Modern World”, Thomas Craughwell, Fair Winds Press.

“The Sagas of the Icelanders”, Jane Smiley, Penguin Classics (2001)

“Northern Antiquities: or An Historical Account of the Manners, Customs, and Laws, Maritime Expeditions and Discoveries, Languages and Literature, of the Ancient Scandinavians”, Percy Thomas, George Woodfall & Son (1847)

“Icelandic Sagas, Vol III: The Orkneyingers’ Saga”, George Dasent (1894)

“On Going Berserk: A Neurochemical Inquiry”, Howard Fabing, Scientific Monthly (1956)

“The Berserker: His Origin and Development in Old Norse Literature”, Benjamin Blaney, University of Colorado (1972)

“Sports and Games in Icelandic Saga Literature”, John Martin, Scandinavian Studies (2003)

“Icelanders in the Viking Age: The People of the Sagas”, William Short, McFarland and Company (2010)

“Viking atrocity and Skaldic verse: The Rite of the Blood-Eagle”, Roberta Frank, English Historical Review (1984)

“The Vengeance of Ivarr the Boneless”, Mike Dash, Smithsonian Magazine (March 13, 2013)