Population Control Was No Joke in Ancient Greece and the Roman Empire
Population Control Was No Joke in Ancient Greece and the Roman Empire

Population Control Was No Joke in Ancient Greece and the Roman Empire

Larry Holzwarth - January 6, 2020

Population Control Was No Joke in Ancient Greece and the Roman Empire
Roman laws punishing childless marriages remained in effect until the time of Emperor Constantine. Wikimedia

23. Population control and birth control in Ancient Greece and Rome

The Ancient Greeks and the Romans were on opposite ends of the pole where it came to population control. The leaders of the Greek city-states were urged to restrict the growth of the population in order that the state could properly care for its citizens. The Roman authorities urged the citizens of Rome to procreate freely, raising families which would in turn raise others, strengthening the empire. In both cases the citizens of the respecting areas heard the admonishments of the authorities and for the most part did what they wanted anyway. Laws against adultery in Rome did not end adultery; the Emperor Augustus was forced, under the law, to banish his own daughter for the crime.

Both societies condoned prostitution, practiced by males and females, and both condoned homosexuality. Both societies and the laws they supported were dominated by male superiority. In Rome, the use of contraceptives within the marriage was illegal, in the Greek city-states it was encouraged. Greeks encouraged citizens to refrain from having children, the Romans wanted women to give birth up to the age of fifty. Much of the practices of both civilizations are considered today to have been barbaric, but to their practitioners they were expedients of the time. Upon the backs of both, western civilization and democracy were built.

 

Where do we find this stuff? Here are our sources:

“The Democratic Experiment”. Professor Paul Cartledge, Ancient History. BBC History. February 17, 2011. Online

“Prostitution in Ancient Athens”. Article, Ancient History Encyclopedia. Online

“Views of ancient people on abortion”. Kourkouta Lambrini, Maria Lavdaniti, Sofia Zyga, Health Science Journal. Online

“Children and Childhood in Classical Athens”. Mark Golden. 1990

The Exposure of Infants at Athens”. Professor La Rue Van Hook, Johns Hopkins University. 1920. Online

“Too Much Life On Earth?” Opinion, The New York Times. July 13, 2011

“The Mediterranean diet: a view from history”. B. Haber, The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. October, 1997. Online

“The Republic”. Plato. Translated by Benjamin Jowett. Project Gutenberg. Online

“Plato”. Article, Joshua J. Mark, Ancient History Encyclopedia. September 2, 2009. Online

“Politics”. Aristotle, Book 7. Translated by Benjamin Jowett. Classics Library Online, Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

“Conquest and Empire: The Reign of Alexander the Great”. A. B. Bosworth. 1988

“The Julian Marriage Laws”. Article, University of Oregon. Online

“The Annals”. Tacitus. 109 AD. Classics Library Online, Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

“Prostitution, sexuality, and the Law in Ancient Rome”. Thomas A. McGinn. 1998

“Silphium”. Chalmers L. Gemmill, Bulletin of the History of Medicine. July-August, 1966

“The history of the condom”. H. Youssef, Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine. April 1, 1993

“Child exposure in the Roman Empire”. W. V. Harris, The Journal of Roman Studies. November, 1994

“Contraception in the Roman Empire”. Keith Hopkins, Comparative Studies in Society and History. October, 1965. Online

“The Life of Greece”. Will Durant. 1939

“Caesar and Christ”. Will Durant. 1944

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