7 Leading Infantry Rifles of World War II
7 Leading Infantry Rifles of World War II

7 Leading Infantry Rifles of World War II

Maria - June 14, 2016

4. Mosin-Nagant M91/30

7 Leading Infantry Rifles of World War II

The Mosin Nagant is an easy-to-use, sturdy, and, in many cases the best survival rifle. With an internal magazine of five rounds and stripper clips, this gun is available to speed loading. It has a bolt that is odd- extending at a 90 degrees angle to the right, and straightens up when pulled back, not allowing for usual scope-mounting options.
Used in world war II, the Mosin Nagant was developed by the Russian Army in 1882-1891. Initially, the armed forces of the Russian Empire and the Soviet Union used the Mosin Nagant to fight their enemies from the 1890s until the early 1960s. The Russians used their Mosin-Nagants against the Japanese, the Germans, their fellow Russians and neighboring Finns.

By the time the war started, this rifle had become the weapon of choice and necessity of Soviet and Finnish snipers. They used them to kill entire companies of enemy soldiers single-handedly. Also, the Mosin Nagant was the most used and abused rifle by millions of illiterate peasant soldiers and Soviet conscripts.

3. Carcano

7 Leading Infantry Rifles of World War II

This repeating military rifle developed in 1890 was named after its developer Salvatore Carcano. It was commonly referred to as the M91 (Modello 91) and was the main weapon associated with the Italians. It is a magazine-fed bolt-action weapon introduced in 1891. It was chambered for the rimless 6.5×52mm Carcano cartridge and successfully replaced the previous Vetterli-Vitali rifles.

2. Lee Enfield

7 Leading Infantry Rifles of World War II

Widely used by the British Empire and Commonwealth military forces as their main firearm in the early 20th century, Lee-Enfield is a bolt-action, magazine-fed, repeating rifle. It served as the standard rifle for the British Army from 1895 (its official adoption date) until 1957. Britain adopted a redesign of the Lee-Metford in 1888 to create the Lee-Enfield, which superseded the earlier Martini-Enfield, Martini-Henry and Lee-Metford rifles.

This infantry rifle is still used by the armed forces of some Commonwealth nations, particularly the Bangladesh Police. As such, it is the longest-serving military bolt-action rifle still featuring in official service to date.

1. The M1 Garand

7 Leading Infantry Rifles of World War II

The M1 Garand definitely laid the ground for today’s generation of automatic and semi-automatic weapons. This semi-automatic rifle chambered for the .30-06 Springfield rifle cartridge was widely used by the US Army from 1936 to 1957. It was the very first standard-issue semi-automatic military rifle. The name comes from that of its designer John Garand.

It gave the United States forces a distinctive advantage in various firefights during World War II. Their Axis enemies who relied on the slower-firing bolt-action rifles were no match to these effective standard-issue rifles. In addition to being semi-automatic, the M1 is air-cooled, clip-fed, gas-operated, shoulder-fired weapon. These features make it an exclusive military rifle.

 

Sources For Further Reading:

Military Trader – The WWII Type 99 Japanese Rifle

Warfare History Network – Was the 1917 Enfield a Good Rifle Compared to the Springfield?

American Rifleman – A Look Back at the 1917 Enfield

National Interest – The Lee Enfield Rifle Is So Good That It Outlasted The British Empire

Military Trader – Tips And Values Of WWII French MAS-36 Bolt Action Rifles

National Interest – The Mosin-Nagant: The Russian Sniper Rifle Nazi Germany Feared Most

Prepare for SHTF – The Mosin Nagant a Great Survival Rifle

The Armory Life – Garand: The Man Behind The Legend

National Interest – The U.S. Army Loved the M1 Garand Rifle, But It Wasn’t the Only Option

Forbes – This ‘Rifle That Won World War II’ Is Likely To Be The Most Expensive Ever

History Collection – 10 Deadly Infantry Weapons of WWII

National Interest – World War I: The Infantry Rifle to End All Rifles

Advertisement