23. The ANC Used Nonviolence and Peaceful Resistance
Nonviolent protests and peaceful resistance were the most common means through which the ANC attempted to break through the system of apartheid. However, in 1960, those means began to change following the Sharpeville Massacre. The Sharpeville Massacre occurred outside of a police station and resulted in the deaths of 69 black Africans who had been peacefully protesting. After that, it was willing to engage in more powerful acts.