21. Meanwhile, Apartheid Was Becoming Worse
In 1948, with the election of the National Party, apartheid laws that had previously been informal became enforced by the state. The government officially recognized three types of people: whites (less than 20% of the population), blacks, and mixed race. Every kind of people had a specific set of laws that applied to them, along with particular rights and options for legal recourse. As you can probably imagine, black people got the short end of the stick.