16 Facts About The Chernobyl Disaster
16 Facts About The Chernobyl Disaster

16 Facts About The Chernobyl Disaster

Trista - March 16, 2019

16 Facts About The Chernobyl Disaster
Abandoned bumper cars. Getty Images/ Daily Mail.

7. Nearby Cities Weren’t Evacuated, Even Though They Needed To Be

Not only did it take officials around 36 hours to evacuate the residents of Pripyat, but it took them even longer to think about leaving other nearby cities. Officials never evacuated all the areas they should have. Because the radiation leaked for so long, radiation levels reached Sweden, which is almost 30 hours away from Pripyat, according to the disaster guidelines, this meant they should have evacuated that whole area. Unfortunately, they never did, and hundreds of thousands of people suffered for their poor decision.

Part of the reason officials did not evacuate all the areas that protocol told them to was because they didn’t want to cause alarm to people as they were trying hard to act like the situations wasn’t as bad as it seemed. The other reason could be that officials didn’t know how bad it was themselves. To them, the damage happened in the city of Pripyat. Therefore, this city became their danger zone, and as long as people left that area, everything would be fine. Of course, years later, everyone knew this was not the case.

16 Facts About The Chernobyl Disaster
The Elephant’s Foot. Rare Historical Photos.

6. The “Elephant’s Foot” Continues To Burn From Radiation

Besides the fact that no one can live in the city of Pripyat for about 24,000 years, there is still a fire burning in the area. This spot is called the “elephant’s foot” and not because it is an elephant’s foot but because it is a giant blob of goo that measures about as large as an elephant’s foot. What caused this massive lump of goo is simple, it is the location where the no. 4 rector stood when it exploded.

The explosion of the no. 4 rector caused everything from metal to concrete near the area to melt. Because this spot is the most dangerous area, no one has ever touched it. In fact, no one can feel it because just being near the elephant’s foot for five minutes can kill a person. Therefore, the elephant’s foot continues to burn in the basement of the old plant. However, this causes another problem. Because the elephant’s foot location is on the ground, it can contaminate the groundwater one day.

16 Facts About The Chernobyl Disaster
Chernobyl was left a disaster. Sick Chirpse.

5. No One Knew How To Clean It All Up

No one in the Soviet Union had ever been through a situation such as the Chernobyl disaster before. Of course, this caused many problems and not just talking about lack of knowledge on what to do in the blast. The other major issue that the inexperience caused was that no one knew how to clean up the area. While they let the residents of Pripyat city breathe the radiation levels for nearly 36 hours before they did a mandatory evacuation, none of the officials wanted anything to do with the radiation as it was too dangerous.

Therefore, they worked to come up with a plan that would allow them to find people, who they called liquidators, to take care of the clean-up. Of course, at first, they tried the help of robots, but that didn’t work, so they had no choice but to use the workforce. Most men, who didn’t have families to worry about, were chosen to help out. According to some liquidators, they could decide to do the work but felt pressure as they didn’t want to risk jail time.

16 Facts About The Chernobyl Disaster
An abandoned home in Pripyat. realt.onliner.by.

4. Three Men Prevented Another Disaster

With such a large amount of radiation released into the air, food, and all items within reach, it is not surprising that other disasters could come out of the Chernobyl disaster. In fact, one almost did, but because of three brave men, the accident will remain a “what if.” The story today is told that these three men drained the pool of water which was underneath the plant. People say that this action helped save Europe because if they didn’t think of this, a steam-based explosion would have occurred, sending more radiation to other continents.

When people reached the water, they realized that it could not continue to sit under the reactor as then uranium and graphite would get into the water a cause another explosion. At first, no one wanted to do it as they felt this was more dangerous than other missions but, eventually, three men volunteered themselves. All the volunteers needed to do was go into the water and open the safety valve. The volunteers received promises of money, a car, and an apartment for their work, which they completed without any issue.

16 Facts About The Chernobyl Disaster
Abandoned portraits at the school. Europe Between East and West.

3. It Was All Western Propaganda

Of course, as time went on, other places around Europe started to question how serious the Chernobyl disaster was. Many people began to talk about the possibility of a dark radioactive cloud building above Europe. Once the cloud became large enough, it would create a melting pot within the area, and no one would be safe. When this news hit the Soviet leaders, they laughed at it and told the residents that it was all western propaganda.

The leaders continued to downplay the dangers of the no. 4 rector explosion by insisting that they understood everything that needed to get done and it was all under control. The leaders would tell people that they had their men on it and briefed these men on the type of work that needed to get done. Of course, people slowly started to realize that the leaders of the Soviet Union were not being honest with them and soon, no one believed anything that they had to say, especially Mikhail Gorbachev.

16 Facts About The Chernobyl Disaster
Graffiti in Pripyat. Alex Cheban/ Ukraine Travel Blog.

2. Liquidators Were Forced To Kill Animals

Not only did human suffer in the aftermath of the explosion. Officially, people told the residents that they wouldn’t be gone long so many did not bring their pets as they believed the officials who would be the city up from the explosion would take care of them. Unfortunately, those who left their pets would never see them again because the cleaning crew was told to kill the animals they came across as officials didn’t want the animals to leave the exclusion zone.

Years later, some of the people that were asked to kill the animals described the task. One person stated that the animals were easy to shoot because they were pets and did not fear them. They were happy to see a human as they had been alone in houses, barns, or wandering around town for days to weeks. The person stated that all they had to do was call out to the animal, who would then follow the voice, which is when they would kill the animals. They were then loaded up in a dump truck.

16 Facts About The Chernobyl Disaster
An abandoned building in Pripyat. Bryan Denton/ New York Times.

1. Officials Told Residents They Would Return In Three Days

Not only did Soviet Union officials tell the residents of Pripyat that they had an hour to collect a few necessities, but they would be allowed to return to their homes in three days. Of course, over three decades later, we know that the residents would never really be allowed to go back to their homes, even though some did and some refused to leave. However, the Soviet Union officially downplayed the disaster so much that residents believed they would be able to return within a few days.

According to victims, the officials told residents that they needed to leave so everything could be washed, which would make it safe for them to return. Victims stated they felt that they had been given a vacation and looked forward to the opportunity as officials made everything seem like it wasn’t a big deal as long as they washed everything correctly. So, the kids packed up their school books as parents packed up a couple of smaller belongings they needed and left. It would be well over three days before the residents learned that they would never return to their homes.

 

Where did we find this stuff? Here are our sources:

“Chernobyl Accident 1986.” World Nuclear Association. April 2018.

“Chernobyl Tours: 10 Things to Know Before You Tour Pripyat and Chernobyl.” Stephanie Craig, History Fan Girl. July 2018.

“What Happened In The Immediate Aftermath Of The Chernobyl Disaster.” Stephan Roget, Ranker.

“Chernobyl disaster.” The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica, Britannica. February 2005.

“Nuclear disaster at Chernobyl.” History.com Editors, History. April 2018.

The Guardian – Chernobyl 30 Years On: Former Residents Remember Life in The Ghost City of Pripyat

Geo History Today – Chernobyl: A Short History of the Human Impact on Ukraine and its Neighbors

Express UK – Chernobyl: Why Did They Use Boron at Chernobyl?

CNN – Inside Slavutych, The City Created by The Chernobyl Explosion

The Atlantic – Visiting Chernobyl 32 Years After the Disaster

Indian Express – How Scientists Used a Robot Dog to Sniff Out Radiation Levels in Chernobyl

Intechopen – Radioactivity in Food: Experiences of the Food Control Authority of Basel-City since the Chernobyl Accident

Science Daily – Crops Near Chernobyl Still Contaminated

Reuters – Locals Eating Radioactive Food 30 Years After Chernobyl

CS Monitor – Chernobyl Will Be Unhabitable For At Least 3,000 Years

Science Magazine – ‘It’s Like the Embers in A Barbecue Pit.’ Nuclear Reactions Are Smoldering Again at Chernobyl

Time Magazine – Chernobyl at 30: How Attempts to Contain the Radiation Failed

Mental Floss – 8 Facts About the Animals of Chernobyl

Bustle – The True Story Behind The Devastating Dog Deaths In ‘Chernobyl’ Is Equally Harrowing

The Conversation – Chernobyl Has Become a Refuge for Wildlife 33 Years After the Nuclear Accident

Ted – After a nuclear disaster, then what? A surprising look at the animals of Chernobyl and Fukushima

National Geographic Channel – Chernobyl: After 35 Years After the World’s Worst Nuclear Accident

Nautil – Chernobyl’s Hot Mess, “the Elephant’s Foot,” Is Still Lethal

Chemistry World – Chernobyl’s Intensely Radioactive ‘Elephant’s Foot’ Lava Recreated in The Lab

Hindustan Times – Real Life Chernobyl Diver Reveals What Really Happened: ‘We Walked Quicker, Had No Oxygen Tanks’

Haaretz – I Was Drafted to Clean Up Chernobyl – and Lived to Tell the Tale

VOX – I Was A Child Of Chernobyl

Euro News – Chernobyl: Why The Nuclear Disaster Was An Accidental Environmental Success

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