13. It’s not better with Blue Bonnet on it in Wisconsin
In 1925 the State of Wisconsin, known for its dairy industry, passed a law which made the sale, possession, or use of margarine in the state illegal. It was partially rescinded in 1967, but state-operated hospitals, asylums, prisons, and other institutions still make the serving of butter rather than margarine mandatory, except for medical reasons. It remained and still remains illegal to serve margarine rather than butter in restaurants unless the customer either requested the former or was informed of the use of the product which a former Wisconsin governor called the “yellow stick from Satan himself”. Obviously, Wisconsin intended to protect its dairy industry.
Wauwatosa Wisconsin has a strange regulation that when pondered gives pause. The public library, which in virtually every community in America is one of its most valuable institutions, like all libraries frowns on late return of borrowed materials. The Wauwatosa library requires those holding materials past their return date to turn in their library card until such time as the materials in question are returned. Why trading the library card for an extended possession of the borrowed materials is the preferred manner of dealing with a problem all libraries deal with is unexplained.
14. Many jurisdictions made it illegal to dye ducks on Sunday
One of the commonly recounted strange laws in the United States discussed on websites, magazine articles, and books are those which prohibited the dyeing of ducks on Sundays. Often tied to the Easter holiday, most of these descriptions of the laws banning the practice are examples of circular research and reporting. The idea that cities and states had to enact laws to keep ducks and ducklings from being dyed in unnatural colors is mostly false. Jurisdictions did enact laws proscribing the dyeing of ducks at certain times and under certain conditions, but they had nothing to do with fowl. They were another of the Blue Laws, ironically.
The ducks referred to by the laws were duck cloth, a heavy cotton fabric, and duck canvas. Both were popular materials for clothes, especially work clothes, in the days before denim replaced them in popularity. As part of the Blue Laws which were enabled in part to provide a cessation of labor, usually on Sunday, laws were passed outlawing the dyeing of duck cloth, which was commonly called ducks, part of the process of turning bolts of cloth into clothing. There was no need to pass laws prohibiting the dyeing of aquatic birds, though the practice of dyeing fowl later spread to chicks and ducklings as Easter gifts in the late 20th century.
15. Jumping frogs may be celebrated, but not eaten in California
The short story which launched the writing career of Samuel Clemens under the pen name Mark Twain was The Celebrated Jumping Frog of Calaveras County, set in Angels Camp, California. Frog jumping contests were popular pastimes in logging and mining camps, backwater towns, and even in the larger river towns, before and after Twain’s short story. As with all amusements, the popularity drew the attention of the government, and steps to regulate fun in the land of the free were taken by the elected representatives of the people. Frog jumping contests were no exception, as the California legislature made clear.
In 1957 the State of California legislature passed and enacted a law which reads, “Any person may possess any number of live frogs to use in frog-jumping contests, but if such a frog dies or is killed, it must be destroyed as soon as possible, and may not be eaten or otherwise used for any purpose”. As it is the legs of the frog which are most commonly eaten by humans, and as the legs of a celebrated jumping frog are likely well developed the California legislature thus denied the treat (for those who like frog legs) to the owner who presumably raised and trained the frog. But, the law is the law, and jumping frogs are not allowed to be served at tables in California.
16. Gainesville, Georgia forbade eating fried chicken with a fork in 1961
Eating fried chicken with one’s hands is as American as hot dogs, a picnic favorite, where the use of tableware is often ignored. One of America’s earliest fast food chains used the phrase “finger-lickin’ good” as its tag line for decades when referring to its fried chicken. But Gainesville took it a step further when in 1961 it made it illegal to eat fried chicken in any manner other than by the consumer eating it by hand. The law was enacted as part of a publicity campaign extolling the Georgia community as the premier fried chicken eating community in the United States, but it remains on the books and was even enforced as part of a prank on a vistor’s birthday in 2009.
The town of Quitman, Georgia has a law which forbids chickens to cross the road, according to several legal websites. Though the law appears on many sites which promote the existence of laws that are provably false, it also appears on sites touting the services of law firms. Quitman’s official website does not mention the law, possibly because chickens are unlikely to avail themselves of the internet. As an aside Quitman is also the birthplace of James Pierpont, who was the uncle of financier J. P. Morgan and the writer of the song Jingle Bells, created when he served as a church organist in the town.
17. Arizona allows the selling of horse meat in restaurants if the customer is warned
A law which no doubt goes back to the days of the Earps in Tombstone allows restaurants to sell horse meat, but only if the fact that it is horsemeat is noted clearly on the menu, printed in green ink. Why diners would opt for the horsemeat is anybody’s guess. Another law cited but provably false in Arizona elevates the commission of a misdemeanor into a felony of the committer of the crime is wearing a red ski mask at the time. Still another law prohibits six adult women from living in the same house at the same time and is likely in place as part of the crackdown on brothels as the state tamed itself from its more open wild west days. Other states have similar laws, though the number of women allowed varies.
Stealing soap in Arizona is often reported as being punished, in part, with a law which requires the thief to use up the entire bar. The law is reported in some media as being active in Mohave County. As with many of the strange laws so often reported there is little to verify them other than the circular reporting which drives many urban legends and myths. Mohave County doesn’t list it. Another often reported Arizona law, this one a city law in Tucson, Arizona, prohibits women from wearing pants within city limits. The existence of that law has been completely debunked by the state historian, yet it continues to appear on websites and in magazine articles as if it wer factually correct.
18. Some strange Oregon laws, and the truth behind them
Numerous sites which list purported strange laws claim that in Oregon it is illegal to use corn as bait when fishing. That statement is false. It is legal to use corn as bait, but a fisherman cannot empty a can of corn, or corn in some other form, over the side of his boat or into the water if bank fishing, in the form of chum to attract fish. Another reported law in Oregon requires anyone juggling in Hood River to have a license. That one is true, more or less, the city doesn’t enforce the regulation but it remains on the books. Another Oregon community, Salem, bans slingshots and bean shooters from its streets and public places, such as parks.
In Sheridan, Oregon, an ordinance literally bans spitting on the sidewalk, a term often used as a reference to the least possible crime a person can be charged with. It includes streets, alleys, public buildings, and parks unless there are vessels designed as receptacles for the purpose of being used by those who expectorate. Yamhill, Oregon bans fortune tellers, seers, astrologers, tarot readers, and the rest of what the community refers to as the occult arts. Throughout the state riding in the back of a pickup truck is illegal except under special circumstances, as is riding on the outside of an automobile, as on the hood or fenders.
19. Some so-called strange laws which simply don’t exist
One of the popular dumb laws cited by many of the websites and magazine articles which specialize in disseminating them regards a law in Arkansas which makes it illegal to pronounce the state’s name incorrectly by sounding the final letter. According to the story, the legislature made it illegal to pronounce the state’s name in any manner other than Ar’-kan-saw. The claim that those who mispronounce the name is subject to fines or even jail time is false, has always been false and is linked to an act of the legislature in 1881, where after years of dispute they adopted the above pronunciation as official. However, they attached no penalty for mispronunciation.
Another law which is claimed to be on the books in Arkansas is one which bans flirtation between men and women, with some attributing it to the state generically and others citing that it is in effect in Little Rock. It too is mostly false. Little Rock does have a statute that makes certain gestures and actions between men and women illegal, and it includes the word flirt, but it was written with the intent of preventing solicitation for the purpose of prostitution, “along any of the sidewalks, streets, or public ways of the City of Little Rock” and is no longer in effect.
20. Most so-called strange laws aren’t laws at all
The vast majority of the reported strange or archaic laws said to be still in effect in the American states are urban myths, misinterpretations, or simply made up. Some are deliberate distortions of existing laws, as in the Massachusetts law which bans transporting wild animals in the back of vehicles. Since a gorilla is a wild animal and the law bans their transportation, some imaginative soul decided that Massachusetts had a law banning gorillas from the back seat and an urban legend was born. It could just as easily have been a wolf, or a bear, or some other animal which was at one time indigenous to the region, which would have led to yet another strange law which in reality doesn’t exist.
One strange law that does exist comes from the State of Tennessee and addresses the disposal of what is commonly called roadkill; dead animals in or alongside the roadways of the state. If the animal is a game animal a driver happening upon it (the law doesn’t say he has to be the one which struck the animal) is allowed to “possess it for your personal use and consumption”. If the animal happens to be a deer the law specifies whoever takes it must notify the Tennessee Wildlife Resources Agency (TWRA) within 24 hours, providing them the possessor’s name and address. Bears are also available to the finder, but with a permit issued from the TWRA. Good dining.
Where do we find this stuff? Here are our sources: