The History of the Super Bowl
The History of the Super Bowl

The History of the Super Bowl

Larry Holzwarth - January 25, 2021

The History of the Super Bowl
Originally the AFL’s Boston Patriots, New England appeared in more Super Bowls than any other team. Wikimedia

17. The New England Patriots appeared in the most Super Bowls

New England, which played in the old AFL as the Boston Patriots, appeared in eleven Super Bowls, winning six. They are tied for the most wins with the Pittsburgh Steelers, who appeared in eight games, losing twice. The team which appeared in the most consecutive Super Bowls, the Buffalo Bills, suffered the unfortunate circumstance of losing them all. No team has ever won three in a row, though seven teams have achieved back-to-back wins. The Steelers are the only team to have done so twice. The only teams to have appeared in multiple Super Bowls without losing one are the Baltimore Ravens.

Numerous teams have gone many years without a Super Bowl appearance, let alone a victory. The New York Jets won the 1968 game and have yet to be back. The Buffalo Bills appeared in their fourth consecutive Super Bowl in January, 1994, and have failed to return since. Four NFL teams have never appeared in the Super Bowl, including the Cleveland Browns, which suspended play in 1995 when the team moved to Baltimore as the Ravens. The Browns returned to NFL play in 1999. The Detroit Lions, Jacksonville Jaguars, and Houston Texans have also never appeared in a Super Bowl.

The History of the Super Bowl
This Coca-Cola commercial featuring Mean Joe Greene actually aired months before the Super Bowl made it famous. Wikimedia

18. Advertising costs for the Super Bowl have increased every year

For the first Super Bowl, the cost of a thirty-second television advertising spot averaged $37,500 (about $292,000 today). By the first decade of the 21st century, the cost for a 30-second spot broadcast during the game exceeded $5 million. Those costs don’t include those for the production of the spots to be broadcast. At the same time, advertising costs for spots during regular season featured games, such as Sunday Night Football, were well below $1 million for a thirty-second spot. Clearly, the Super Bowl’s consistently high ratings, as well as the relatively newly developed habit of remaining in one’s seat in anticipation of a commercial’s entertainment value, allow for the high advertising rates.

There has been a pushback in more recent years, with several formerly highly visible advertisers abandoning the Super Bowl broadcast entirely. Among them were Pepsi (which later returned), General Motors, Dr. Pepper, and Apple Computer. Some advertisers shifted their focus to the extensive (some would say exhaustive) pregame coverage, which has driven up rates for those spots in recent years. Several companies which once advertised during the Super Bowl no longer exist, such as Plymouth and Pontiac, or barely exist, such as Radio Shack. RJ Reynolds advertised cigarettes during Super Bowls I and II, before cigarette advertising became banned from television.

The History of the Super Bowl
When the Green Bay Packers visited USS Nimitz in the Arabian Sea in 2011, they brought the Vince Lombardi Trophy with them, allowing sailors to pose for pictures. US Navy

19. The Vince Lombardi Trophy was designed on a cocktail napkin

In 1966, Oscar Riedner, the president of Tiffany and Company, had a lunch meeting with Pete Rozelle. During the meeting, Riedner sketched a trophy on a cocktail napkin, the design of which Rozelle instantly approved. The original trophy, awarded to Green Bay Packers head coach Vince Lombardi after his team won the first Super Bowl, was manufactured by Tiffany’s in Newark. The trophy has been manufactured by Tiffany and Company ever since, though at different facilities over the years. The early trophies included the words “World Professional Football Championship”. Lombardi won the first two. After his death in 1970, the NFL named the trophy in his honor. The first team to receive the newly named Lombardi Trophy was the Baltimore Colts, on January 17, 1971.

Since the late 1990s, the trophy has been awarded in a presentation following the game, with it being delivered to the owner of the winning team, usually accompanied by the head coach, the game’s Most Valuable Player, and other luminaries. That didn’t happen in 1971. The MVP for the game, in which the Colts beat the Dallas Cowboys, was Chuck Howley. Howley represents the only time a member of the losing team won the MVP award in Super Bowl history. Howley refused to accept the award, though it was not redesignated for another player. It was the first time the Super Bowl MVP went to a defensive player as well.

The History of the Super Bowl
President Reagan did the coin toss for the 1985 Super Bowl via television from the White House. Wikimedia

20. Another network didn’t broadcast the Super Bowl until 1985

On January 20, 1985, ABC broke the long-standing grip of NBC and CBS on Super Bowl television broadcasts. The network had been airing professional football on its Monday Night Football broadcasts for fifteen years before it had the opportunity to do the Super Bowl. Frank Gifford did the play-by-play, supported by Don Meredith and Joe Theismann. During the pregame coverage, hosted by Al Michaels and Jim Lampley, O. J. Simpson provided analysis. Howard Cosell did not take part in the broadcasts, having largely retired. ABC provided closed captioning during the game, its first appearance in the annual event. The game took place in Stanford Stadium, giving a real home team advantage to the San Francisco 49ers.

Ronald Reagan was inaugurated for his second term in office the same day. Reagan took the oath in a private ceremony in the White House, since January 20th occurred on a Sunday. The following day, the traditional ceremonies and celebrations took place. After being inaugurated, Reagan appeared in a telecast from the White House and tossed the coin at the outset of the game. Presidential appearances at the Super Bowl have been a feature of the broadcast ever since, though in varying degrees. A television audience of such size is irresistible to politicians.

The History of the Super Bowl
Dallas won the 1994 Super Bowl, the last broadcasting assignment for NBC”s OJ Simpson. Wikimedia

21. The same network broadcast the Super Bowl two years in a row twice

CBS broadcast Super Bowl I and II in 1967 and 1968. In 1993 and 1994 NBC broadcast back-to-back games, as part of a resolution of a contract dispute. It was, to date, the only time the game has been broadcast by a single network for two consecutive years. It also marked the last appearance during a professional football game by O. J. Simpson, who worked it as a sideline reporter. Within months, Simpson faced charges of murdering his former wife, Nicole Brown Simpson. The game itself, between the Buffalo Bills and the Dallas Cowboys, proved competitive during the first half. Buffalo led at halftime, but failed to score in the second half and lost 30-13.

Fox Sports displaced CBS in the rotation following the 1996 season. NBC lost broadcasting rights for a time, before reclaiming them, displacing ABC from the rotation. Since 2007, the game has alternated between CBS, NBC, and Fox. Regardless of which network the game is scheduled for in any given year, the upcoming Super Bowl is hyped during entertainment broadcasting, sports broadcasting, and by the local affiliates associated with each network. The Super Bowl is a cash cow for the broadcasters, and it is exploited to the maximum possible effect.

The History of the Super Bowl
All Super Bowl footballs are made by Wilson in Ada, Ohio. Associated Press

22. Super Bowl footballs are hand made by Wilson

For each team playing in the Super Bowl, 108 footballs are provided. Half of the footballs are intended for practice sessions, the other 54 for the game. Each are hand-crafted and stitched by workers at Wilson’s factory in Ada, Ohio, though some stitches are assisted by sewing machines. Laces are tied by hand. The attention to detail surrounding the Super Bowl is by no means limited to the balls used. Players are given perks throughout the week leading up to the game, including loaner cars (usually from local car dealers). Fans aren’t so lucky. The average ticket price for the Super Bowl has reached well over $4,000, and they continue to go up.

Family and friends of the players also receive numerous perks, including comped meals and hotel rooms, and access to exclusive events, away from the public. Corporate-sponsored parties allow some access to fans but at a cost of hundreds and even thousands of dollars. Even the coin used for the ceremonial pregame coin toss is specially minted, different for each game, by the Highland Mint. Replicas of the coin can be purchased online. Besides becoming a de facto part of the American holiday season, the Super Bowl over the years has become a clear representation of conspicuous consumption, whether of the bowl of guacamole or expensive champagne in a luxury suite at the stadium. All indications are the game’s popularity will continue to grow, with some speculation of it one day being played in London’s Wembley Stadium.


Where do we find this stuff? Here are our sources:

“The History of the Super Bowl”. Robert Fleegler, The American Historian. Online

“Super Bowl Halftime Show Performances: A Timeline”. Elias Leight and Staff, Billboard Magazine. January 31, 2020

“The AFL-NFL Merger and the Birth of the Super Bowl”. Jim Weathersby, The Sports Historian. February 3, 2017. Online

“Jets Shock Colts in Super Bowl, 16-7”. Dave Brady, The Washington Post. January 13, 1969

“Mardi Gras parades will pause for Super Bowl XLVII”. Jaquetta White, The Times-Picayune. February 7, 2012

“How ‘I’m going to Disney World!’ Began as post-Super Bowl Slogan”. Avianne Tan, ABC News. February 3, 2016

“A Brief History of Super Bowl Commercials”. Video, The Wall Street Journal. Online

“The History of Super Bowl Betting”. Jim Hall, Best US Casinos. January 1, 2021. Online

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“Super Bowl Stadiums”. Article, Pro Football Hall of Fame. Online

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“For the first time ever, Super Bowl I will be re-aired on television”. Announcement, NFL Communications. Online

“A Brief History of NFL Blackouts”. Al Yellon, SBNation. September 14, 2010. Online

“Ranking All 52 Super Bowls”. Elliot Harrison, Online

“Super Bowl Commercials 2020: How much does an ad cost for Super Bowl 54?” James Crabtree-Hannigan, The Sporting News. February 2, 2020

“Tiffany’s Timeless Super Bowl Trophy Design”. Anthony DeMarco, Forbes Magazine. January 29, 2017

“Reagan’s Second Inauguration”. Article, The White House Historical Society. Online

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“Should the NFL hold a Super Bowl in London?” Andrew Joseph, USA Today. May 1, 2018

“When the World Series brought America to a Standstill” Larry Holzwarth, History Collection. February 15, 2022