Ten Daring Art Thefts of the 20th Century
Ten Daring Art Thefts of the 20th Century

Ten Daring Art Thefts of the 20th Century

Stephanie Schoppert - November 6, 2016

Ten Daring Art Thefts of the 20th Century
Landscape with Cottages Wikipedia.org

The theft at the Montreal Museum of Fine Arts in 1972 is the largest theft in Canadian history. It occurred at 2 am on September 4th 1972 when three armed men entered the museum through the skylight. The museum was undergoing repairs that left the skylight only partially alarmed. One of the men fired a shot gun twice into the air after one of the security guards refused to immediately get down on the ground. The guard then complied and was bound and gagged. The other two guards were then overpowered and bound as well.

During the 30-minute heist the thieves were able to steal jewelry, figurines and 18 paintings with an overall value of $2 million. Paintings by Delacroix, Gainsborough and Rembrandt alone had a value of $1 million. The museum spokesman at the time states that the thieves knew what they were looking for and knew exactly what to take to get the most value. The thieves intended to take 20 additional paintings but they were left behind after a door alarm was accidentally tripped as they were leaving the museum.

After the theft the museum director received an envelope that had pictures of the stolen art and artifacts and demanded a $250,000 ransom. A phone call directed him to a phone booth where a missing pendant was hidden. Proof of paintings was requested and led to a locker at Montreal’s Central Station where one of the missing paintings was recovered. A meetup was setup to exchange the ransom for the art but the thieves called off the meeting when a neighborhood police car drove past the location. The rest of the missing pieces have never been recovered and no suspects have been arrested.

Today the value of the paintings has only increased with the value of the rare Rembrandt landscape estimated at $20 million.

Henri Matisse Odalisque in Red Pants

Ten Daring Art Thefts of the 20th Century
Left is the original and the other is the fake that replaced it. nytimes.com

The theft of Henri Matisse’s Odalisque in Red Pants is not the most thrilling or the most expensive art theft but it is remains rather intriguing nonetheless as no one knows exactly when the painting was stolen. In 2002 the Contemporary Art Museum in Caracas received a call from a man who said that someone had offered to sell him the Odalisque in Red Pants. This was surprising to the museum as that painting was currently on display. However, experts at the museum looked into the matter and realized that the painting they had on their walls was fake and a bad one at that.

It is believed that the fake hung in the museum for at least 2 years as a photo taken in 2000 showed President Hugo Chavez standing in the museum with the fake Matisse behind him. An investigation into the missing painting began but the trail quickly went cold as there were few leads and the theft had occurred years prior. In 2000 the museum had received word that someone was trying to sell the painting but at that point no one followed up and the theft remained unnoticed until 2002.

Then in 2012 there was finally a break in the case as the F.B.I. learned that man in Miami was attempting to sell the painting. Federal agents posed as buyers and arranged to buy the artwork for $740,000. Then a woman flew to Miami from Mexico City with the painting in her possession and met up with the man selling the painting. Agents arrested both of them and the woman told them about how the painting had been stolen and replaced by museum employees. She also said that the painting had been in her possession for several years.

The painting was returned to the museum though the museum remains largely underfunded and neglected. The museum has reported several other missing pieces of art that have not been recovered and experts in Venezuela have said that under Chavez art like that of Matisse is not appreciated or protected.