Awe Inspiring Facts About the Bronze Age It's Time to Talk About
Awe Inspiring Facts About the Bronze Age It’s Time to Talk About

Awe Inspiring Facts About the Bronze Age It’s Time to Talk About

Khalid Elhassan - June 29, 2021

Awe Inspiring Facts About the Bronze Age It’s Time to Talk About
Ramses III defeating the terrifying Bronze Age Sea Peoples. Reddit

2. A Decisive Victory Against the Bronze Age’s Most Terrifying Marauders

The one Bronze Age kingdom that the Sea Peoples failed to conquer was Ramses III’s Egypt. In the eighth year of his reign, the mysterious marauders invaded Egypt by land and by sea, while Libyans from the west also had a go at the pharaoh’s kingdom. Ramses took on and crushed the invaders. Ancient Egyptians did not have a great reputation as seamen, but on this one occasion, with everything at stake, they put up a determined resistance. Ramses massed archers along the banks of the Nile, and they kept up a steady and heavy fire that devastated the invaders as they tried to disembark. Then Egyptian ships struck, used grappling hooks to secure themselves to the enemy’s vessels, and slaughtered the Sea Peoples in vicious hand-to-hand fighting.

The victory was total. As Ramses put it on inscriptions that commemorated the event: “As for those who reached my frontier, their seed is not, their heart and their soul are finished forever and ever. As for those who came forward together on the seas, the full flame was in front of them at the Nile mouths, while a stockade of lances surrounded them on the shore, prostrated on the beach, slain, and made into heaps from head to tail“. Unfortunately, as seen below, although Ramses had saved Egypt, he was unable to save himself from his own family.

Awe Inspiring Facts About the Bronze Age It’s Time to Talk About
The Screaming Mummy of Prince Pentawer, a Bronze Age crime culprit. Pintrest

1. The Pharaoh Who Saved Egypt Could Not Save Himself From His Own Family

Ancient Egyptian pharaohs often had multiple wives and many sons, and Ramses III was no exception. His designated heir was his son Ramses IV, but one of his minor wives, Queen Tiye, wanted her own son Pentawer to become the next ruler instead. So she enlisted a group of palace officials in a conspiracy to assassinate the pharaoh. In 1155 BC, as the pharaoh relaxed amidst the royal harem in a palace near Luxor, the plotters struck, took him by surprise, and slashed his throat. Unfortunately for the plotters, only the first part of their plan, the assassination, had succeeded.

The follow up did not fare so well. Queen Tiye and her accomplices failed to install her son Pentawer on the throne, which had been their ultimate goal. The assassinated pharaoh’s designated heir Ramses IV rallied his supporters, secured the throne, rounded up the plotters, and executed 28 of them. Pentawer was either strangled to death, or was buried alive. Millennia later, his remains were discovered, and his face bore an agonized expression that led to its designation as “The Screaming Mummy”. Other plotters had their ears and noses cut off. Queen Tiye’s punishment is not recorded.

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Where Did We Find This Stuff? Some Sources and Further Reading

Ancient Egypt Online – Ahhotep I

Ancient Origins – Questioning the Mycenaean Death Mask of Agamemnon

BBC – The Weird History of Contraception

Bright Side – 10 Things Ancient People Did That Would be Totally Weird Today

Canadian Museum of History – Volcanic Eruption at Thera (Santorini)

Discovering Ancient Egypt – Mystery of the Rosetta Stone

Encyclopedia Britannica – Homer, Greek Poet

Gonick, Larry – The Cartoon History of the Universe: Volumes 1 – 7, From the Big Bang to Alexander the Great (1990)

History Collection – Wrath of Olympus

History of Royal Women – Fu Hao, Queen, General, and Priestess

Kitchen, Kenneth – Pharaoh Triumphant: The Life and Times of Ramesses II, King of Egypt (1983)

Live Science – How the Eruption of Thera Changed the World

Live Science – Mummified Kitten Served as Egyptian Offering

Live Science – Mummy Murder Mystery: King Ramesses III Throat Slashed

Moseley, James – The Mystery of Herbs and Spices: Scandalous, Romantic, and Intimate Biographies of the World’s Most Notorious Ingredients (2006)

Murray, George Gilbert Aime – The Rise of the Greek Epic (1960)

Office of NIH History – A Timeline of Pregnancy Testing

Page, Sir Denys Lionel – The Santorini Volcano and the Destruction of Minoan Crete (1970)

Redford, Donald B. – The Wars in Syria and Palestine of Thutmose III (2003)

Tyldesley, Joyce – Ramesses: Egypt’s Greatest Pharaoh (2000)

Wikipedia – Battle of Megiddo (15th Century BC)

Wikipedia – Harem Conspiracy

Wikipedia – Jian

World History Encyclopedia – Troy

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