1. Dividing the City
When the war was finally over, it was time to determine the fate of the fallen city. An earlier agreement at the February Yalta conference had been that the allies would divide the city between them. So the fact that the Soviets had been responsible for the victory over the German capital would not mean it was to be completely theirs. Britain, America, and France soon brought together their respective areas under a common leadership as the West Berlin. This was an island off the western region in the middle of the sea of East Germany controlled by the Soviets.
With Russia having won the first battle in the race to Berlin and bringing World War II to its end, the cold war soon broke out. Berlin would soon start playing a central role in the Cold War. It was also central to the ending of this strategic and ideological conflict between these world superpowers upon the fall of its Wall.
Mikhail Gorbachev came to power and thanks to his introduction of the values of compromise to dilute the initial ideological hard lines taken by his predecessor; the cold war was brought to a conclusive end. Today this event is popularly referred to as the fall of the Berlin Wall; the destroying of the Iron Curtain; or simply as the end of the Cold War.