Nazism wasn’t something solely linked to a physical war effort; it was an ideology, which attracted the worst of people from all corners of Germany.
Aribert Heim is a prime example of the Nazi ideology. Dr. Aribert Heim was physician who joined the SS with the intent of carrying out medical experiments on captives in labor camps. He was so notorious for his actions that he was called “Dr. Death” by inmates. He operated without using anesthesia let alone pain killers and practiced his injections to see their reactions. Many of his patients remained in agony for days as he removed their organs and left them for dead.
He worked in the Mauthausen-Gusen Concentration camp as part of the 6th SS Mountain Division. Many of his experiments are well documented including the use of different compounds to bring death. He chose Jewish prisoners for such experiments and injected petrol, poisons and other materials directly into the prisoners’ hearts. It is reported that Heim once cut open a prisoner, stripped his flesh off and then used his head as paper weight in his office.
On 15th March, 1945 Dr. Death was captured by US soldiers and sent to a camp as POW. He mysteriously disappeared in 1962 from the authorities’ radar. He was later found living in Egypt through various sightings but by the time the authorities discovered him he had died. It was revealed by his son that Heim had simply driven through France, Spain and ferried into Africa from where he finally settled in Egypt.
A World War Two era evil genius, Reinhard Heydrich was one of the most ferocious man in Nazi Germany, not by looks, but by brains. A skilled musician and an expert fencer, Heydrich’s political understanding of Germany made him a “natural successor” to Hitler, as seen by many.
But the music didn’t stop here. In addition to being the supreme commander of the Political Police, he was one of the main characters behind institutionalizing the Holocaust. Heydrich was the person who led the despised Nazi meeting where the decision to eliminate Jews from Europe was taken. Antisemitism ran in his blood and from the very beginning he tried his best to ensure swift action against the Jews. He was the a staunch ally of Himmler as both shared similar thinking.
Some people think that the reason Heydrich was so committed to eradicating Jews was his ancestry, which may have been Jewish on his mother’s side. He was part of the German navy prior to joining the SS in 1932 as an unemployed person. However, his effectiveness in the malicious organization was soon noted and he was made the head of the intelligence unit.
As he showed his evil capabilities, he was made the head of the Gestapo division as well as the “Kripo”, criminal police. Heydrich repeatedly stated that simply expelling the Jews and clearing off Europe wasn’t enough and only getting rid of them was the ultimate solution. In 1941, Heydrich was made the Reich Protector of Bohemia giving him unprecedented excess to crush any Czech resistance and deport as many Jews as possible.
Little did he know that he was also being scouted by British trained Czech patriots. On 27th May, 1942 his convoy was ambushed and a bomb was thrown in the front seat. Heydrich was severely injured but even this didn’t bring a moment of peace for the Jews. Joseph Goebbels, the Propaganda Minister blamed Jewish terrorists for the attack and kicked off a violent wave of executions throughout the occupied territories. Meanwhile, Heydrich’s condition worsened and he finally gave up on June 4th.
Eventually, the sudden grip against Jews was loosened and a statue of Heydrich’s assassins was built for the heroes who saved God knows, how many people from being imprisoned and sent off to camps.
He was the “worst of the worst” and a truly robotic human being. It seemed as if he had willfully removed both logic and emotions out of his head to justify the killings of millions. Even though, Heinrich Himmler wasn’t the one who pulled the trigger, his mass murder schemes and deep hatred for Jews was the main reason behind their extermination.
Born in 1900, Heinrich Himmler was one of Hitler’s closest confidantes and was in on each and every state policy. Himmler served as the founder & head of SS, Hitler’s personal bodyguards and can be thought of as a pillar of Nazism. From the very beginning, Himmler was interested in creating the master race and preserving its racial integrity. He was appointed as the head of the Gestapo on 1934 and thus became the most feared man in Germany. He was tasked with a simple job: to eliminate all threats to the Nazi party. He succeeded in doing so by successfully implementing the “Night of the Lon Knives” plan, which neutralized all threats to Hitler within the party.
After this operation, Himmler was considered untouchable and given charge of cleansing Germany of any opposition. He set up the first concentration camp in 1933 at Dachau, which spelled doom for the Jews. As evil he was, he brilliantly organized these camps and each year, came up with some new scheme to quicken the gassings. By the time the war broke out, he became the most dangerous man in Germany and occupied Europe as it was he who had final judgement.
He was the prime facilitator for all anti-Jewish activities in Europe from the Auschwitz Death Camp to the uprooting of settlements. All in all, he was responsible for killing almost 6 million Jews and 700,000 people of other cultures. By the time Himmler was captured, it was found that he had directed the killings of almost 11 – 14 million civilians! He tried to make his way out of imprisonment, surprised that he was being tried for war crimes and committed suicide like many other Nazi leaders by ingesting cyanide.