Stunning Photographs of Egypt's July 23 Revolution
Stunning Photographs of Egypt’s July 23 Revolution

Stunning Photographs of Egypt’s July 23 Revolution

Jacob Miller - August 22, 2018

The Egyptian coup of 1952, better known as the July 23 Revolution, was an attempt to overthrow the reigning King Farouk and oust the British occupation.

The Free Officers, a group of Egyptian nationalist officers in the armed forces led by Mohammed Naguib and Gamal Abdel Nasser, instigated the movement. The goal of the July 23 Revolution was not only to abolish the monarchy and Egyptian aristocracy, but to establish a republic, end the British occupation, and create an independent Sudan, which was, at the time, under Anglo-Egyptian co-dominion.

The Cairo Fire, also known as Black Saturday, was a series of riots that took place in January of 1952 in downtown Cairo in response to 50 Egyptian police officers being killed by British occupational forces. Over 750 buildings were burned and looted. These riots are known as the precursor to the July 23 Revolution.

At 7:30 in the morning, future president and Free Officer Anwar Sadat broadcasted the news of the coup.

“Egypt has passed through a critical period in her recent history characterized by bribery, mischief, and the absence of governmental stability. All of these were factors that had a large influence on the army. Those who accepted bribes and were thus influenced caused our defeat in the Palestine War [1948]. As for the period following the war, the mischief-making elements have been assisting one another, and traitors have been commanding the army. They appointed a commander who is either ignorant or corrupt. Egypt has reached the point, therefore, of having no army to defend it. Accordingly, we have undertaken to clean ourselves up and have appointed to command us men from within the army whom we trust in their ability, their character, and their patriotism. It is certain that all Egypt will meet this news with enthusiasm and will welcome it. As for those whose arrest we saw fit from among men formerly associated with the army, we will not deal harshly with them, but will release them at the appropriate time. I assure the Egyptian people that the entire army today has become capable of operating in the national interest and under the rule of the constitution apart from any interests of its own. I take this opportunity to request that the people never permit any traitors to take refuge in deeds of destruction or violence because these are not in the interest of Egypt. Should anyone behave in such ways, he will be dealt with forcefully in a manner such as has not been seen before and his deeds will meet immediately the reward for treason. The army will take charge with the assistance of the police. I assure our foreign brothers that their interests, their personal safety [lit. “their souls”], and their property are safe, and that the army considers itself responsible for them. May God grant us success [lit. “God is the guardian of success”].” – A. Sadat

By July 25, the army had occupied Alexandria, where King Farouk lived in the Montaza Palace. Farouk was forced to abdicate and was replaced by his son. King Farouk was exiled on July 26, and he set sail for Italy. The monarchy was officially abolished on June 18, 1953, and General Naguib was appointed as the first president and prime minister. Gamal Nasser was appointed Deputy Premier and Minister of the Interior.

Stunning Photographs of Egypt’s July 23 Revolution
Jan 3, 1952, Egyptian police in action against the British during the two-day skirmish in the outskirts of Suez. Egyptians claimed to have killed 15 British troops. The British say they were engaged in a mopping-up operation following sniping attacks in the area of the water-plant and claim to have killed 23 Egyptians. AP
Stunning Photographs of Egypt’s July 23 Revolution
Jan. 26, 1952 Egyptian women struggle with police in Cairo. The women were preventing customers from entering a bank as part of anti-British demonstrations, which included Egyptian crowds running through Cairo screaming pro-Russian slogans. AP
Stunning Photographs of Egypt’s July 23 Revolution
Jan. 20, 1952 A British tank crew stands by as troops search for guerrillas in the sniper-ridden southwest section of Ismailia. AP
Stunning Photographs of Egypt’s July 23 Revolution
Jan. 19, 1952 British troops search for guerrillas in the sniper-ridden southwest section of Ismailia, where two soldiers and a nun were killed and nine other soldiers were injured. AP
Stunning Photographs of Egypt’s July 23 Revolution
Jan. 25, 1952 With hands on their heads, Egyptian police are marched toward a prison camp area in Ismailia, after their capture in fierce fighting with British troops. AP
Stunning Photographs of Egypt’s July 23 Revolution
Jan. 16, 2013 The British army sought guerrillas who had been sniping at U.K. troops. AP
Stunning Photographs of Egypt’s July 23 Revolution
Jan. 25, 1952 British troops, protected by an armored car, rush into action in Ismailia, during fierce battles with Egyptians. AP
Stunning Photographs of Egypt’s July 23 Revolution
Jan 27, 1952, Cairo’s famous Shepherds Hotel lies in ruin after being set ablaze the previous day by rioters. In the foreground are the wrecked offices of Trans World Airlines. AP
Stunning Photographs of Egypt’s July 23 Revolution
July 23, 1952, A photo shows the meeting of the Egyptian “Free Officers” who forced King Farouk to leave the throne and replaced him by his son, Prince Fuad. Among the officers are three future presidents of Egypt: Mohammed Nagib, second from right; Gamal Abdel Nasser, fourth from right; and Anwar al-Sadat, fourth from left. AFP/Getty Images
Stunning Photographs of Egypt’s July 23 Revolution
July 23, 1952, Fields guns take up a commanding position on the road to Heliopolis in the northern suburbs of Cairo following the bloodless 9½-hour coup effected by the Egyptian army under the direction of Maj. Gen. Mohamed Naguib, who proclaimed himself commander-in-chief of the Egyptian army. AP
Stunning Photographs of Egypt’s July 23 Revolution
July 24, 1952, Neguib speaks in a broadcast to the Egyptian people. After the bloodless coup, Ali Mahir Pasha took office as prime minister and issued an abdication ultimatum to King Farouk. AP
Stunning Photographs of Egypt’s July 23 Revolution
July 26, 1952, Neguib and Pasha, in sunglasses, after Mahir delivered the abdication ultimatum. AP
Stunning Photographs of Egypt’s July 23 Revolution
July 26, 1952, An Egyptian army tank and field guns are drawn up in front of the Abdin Palace in Cairo. Inside the palace, King Farouk agrees to abdicate in favor of his 7-month-old son, Prince Fuad. AP
Stunning Photographs of Egypt’s July 23 Revolution
July 31, 1952, After leaving Egypt aboard his yacht, Farouk makes his first public statement at a news conference on the terrace of Hotel Eden Paradiso at Anacapri, Italy. The following year, the Egyptian monarchy was officially abolished. Mario Torrisi/AP
Stunning Photographs of Egypt’s July 23 Revolution
A general view of a demonstration taking place at Opera Square in Cairo, Egypt, Jan. 25, 1952 (AP)
Stunning Photographs of Egypt’s July 23 Revolution
A crowd marches towards Shepherd Hotel in Cairo, Egypt on Jan. 25, 1952. (AP)
Stunning Photographs of Egypt’s July 23 Revolution
View of the Rivoli Cinema, in Cairo, Egypt, Jan. 26, 1952, as it was burned during the rioting. A large crowd watches as firemen attempt to extinguish the blaze. (AP)

Stunning Photographs of Egypt’s July 23 Revolution
A waving, shouting crowd demonstrates against Great Britain in Cairo on Oct. 23, 1951, as tension continued to mount in the dispute between Egypt and Britain over control of the Suez Canal and Sudan. Police used tear gas to disperse Cairo mobs and fired into other crowds in Alexandria. (Photo: AP)
Stunning Photographs of Egypt’s July 23 Revolution
Egyptian Premier Gamal Abdel Nasser waves to a crowd of people as he stands in an open car moving through the streets of Cairo, Egypt on June 19, 1956. Nasser announced at a rally in Republican Square that martial law in Egypt is ended, that the revolution council which has ruled Egypt since King Farouk was deposed is dissolved, that Egypt’s new constitution will be ratified and that a new president will be elected. (AP)
Stunning Photographs of Egypt’s July 23 Revolution
Egyptians crowd the tops of telegraph poles in Cairo, Egypt on Oct. 1, 1970, for a grandstand view of President Gamal Abdel Nasser’s funeral procession. (AP)
Stunning Photographs of Egypt’s July 23 Revolution
British bren-gun carriers occupy a commanding position during the search for guerrillas in the sniper-ridden southwest section of Ismalia, Egypt, Jan. 19, 1952, after an outbreak of violence in the area, during which two soldiers and a nun were killed, and nine other soldiers were injured (AP)
Stunning Photographs of Egypt’s July 23 Revolution
Egyptian army tanks and field guns are drawn up in front of the royal Abdin Palace, in Cairo, on July 26, 1952. Appointed Premier Ali Maher Pasha issued an ultimatum to King Farouk I, forcing the Egyptian monarch to abdicate. (AP)
Stunning Photographs of Egypt’s July 23 Revolution
Egyptian feminist Doria Shafik (L) meets 08 August 1952 with Egyptian Chief Army Commander General Naguib in unlocated place. Doria Shafik (1908-1975), an Egyptian feminist, poet, publisher, and political activist, participated in one of her country’s most explosive periods of social and political transformation. During the ’40s she burst onto the public stage in Egypt, openly challenging every social, cultural, and legal barrier that she viewed as oppressive to the full equality of women. As the founder of the Daughters of the Nile Union in 1948, she catalyzed a movement that fought for suffrage and set up programs to combat illiteracy, provide economic opportunities for lower-class urban women, and raise the consciousness of middle-class university students (AFP)
Stunning Photographs of Egypt’s July 23 Revolution
A large crowd storms into the Ministry Council Headquarters 28 March 1954 in Cairo, during a demonstration supporting the revolutionary regime (AFP)
Stunning Photographs of Egypt’s July 23 Revolution
Founding members of Egypt’s Free Officers movement and its Revolution Leadership Council (Photo- Al-Ahram)
Stunning Photographs of Egypt’s July 23 Revolution
General Mohamed Naguib with members of the Free Officers, including Khaled Mohi El-Din. ahram
Stunning Photographs of Egypt’s July 23 Revolution
Gamal Abdel Nasser, who plotted the overthrow of King Farouk (File photo- AFP)
Stunning Photographs of Egypt’s July 23 Revolution
A view of Ras el-Tin Palace in Alexandria, where Farouk fled when the Free Officers seized the city (Photo courtesy of Ahmed Kamel: egyptianroyalty.net)
Stunning Photographs of Egypt’s July 23 Revolution
This still, taken from a 1950’s Egyptian film, depicts Farouk leaving Ras el-Tin palace upon his abdication (Photo courtesy of Ahmed Kamel: egyptianroyalty.net)
Stunning Photographs of Egypt’s July 23 Revolution
The leaders of the coup, Mohammed Naguib (left) and Gamal Abdel Nasser (right) in a Cadillac. Wikipedia

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