The Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, North Korea, officially describes itself as a self-reliant socialist state. Juche, the ideology of national self-reliance, was introduced into the constitution in 1972. The means of production are owned by the state, healthcare, education, housing, and food production are all subsidized by the state or are state-funded.
North Korea governing policies follow the Ten Principles for the Establishment of a Monolithic Ideological System:
We must give our all in the struggle to unify the entire society with the revolutionary ideology of the Great Leader Kim Il-sung.
We must honor the Great Leader Comrade Kim Il-sung with all our loyalty.
We must make absolute the authority of the Great Leader Comrade Kim Il-sung.
We must make the Great Leader Comrade Kim Il-sung’s revolutionary ideology our faith and make his instructions our creed.
We must adhere strictly to the principle of unconditional obedience in carrying out the Great Leader Comrade Kim Il-sung’s instructions.
We must strengthen the entire party’s ideology and willpower and revolutionary unity, centering on the Great Leader Comrade Kim Il-sung.
We must learn from the Great Leader Comrade Kim Il-sung and adopt the communist look, revolutionary work methods, and people-oriented work style.
We must value the political life we were given by the Great Leader Comrade Kim Il-sung, and loyally repay his great political trust and thoughtfulness with heightened political awareness and skill.
We must establish strong organizational regulations so that the entire party, nation and military move as one under the one and only leadership of the Great Leader Comrade Kim Il-sung.
We must pass down the great achievement of the revolution by the Great Leader Comrade Kim Il-sung from generation to generation, inheriting and completing it to the end.
North Korea follows the Sungun, âmilitary-first’ policy. North Korea has the highest number of military personnel with 9.5 million active, reserve, and paramilitary soldiers.
Despite the official title as the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea,” the political system is more aptly described as an absolute monarchy.