You Will Get Upset When You See These Photos of Priceless Art Stolen by the Nazis
You Will Get Upset When You See These Photos of Priceless Art Stolen by the Nazis

You Will Get Upset When You See These Photos of Priceless Art Stolen by the Nazis

Jacob Miller - November 15, 2017

Nazi plunder refers to art theft and other items stolen during the organized looting of European countries during the Third Reich. The plundering began in 1933 and continued through the second World War.

Kunstchutz (art protection) is the German term for the principle of preserving cultural heritage and artworks during armed conflict with the stated aim of protecting the enemy’s art and returning it after the end of hostilities.

The Einsatzstab Reichsleiter Rosenberg (Reichsleiter Rosenberg Taskforce, ERR) was a Nazi organization dedicated to appropriating cultural property during World War II. Between 1940 and 1945, the ERR operated in France, Poland, the Baltic States, Greece, Italy, the Benelux countries, and occupied territory of the Soviet Union.

In a Führer Directive mandated on 5 July 1940, Hitler authorized the ERR to confiscate: precious manuscripts and books from national libraries and archives, important artifacts of ecclesiastical authorities and Masonic lodges, and all valuable cultural property belonging to Jews.

The Nazis stole gold, silver, cultural items of significance including paintings, ceramics, books, and religious treasures.

The Monuments, Fine Arts, and Archives program, (MFAA) also known as the Monuments Men, sought to search out and, eventually, recovered many of these items. The effort continues even today as there are currently international efforts to identify the missing Nazi plunder and return it to its rightful owners.

You Will Get Upset When You See These Photos of Priceless Art Stolen by the Nazis
Official seal stamped on materials looted by the Einsatzstab Reichsleiter Rosenberg. Wikipedia
You Will Get Upset When You See These Photos of Priceless Art Stolen by the Nazis
American soldier inspects German loot stored in a church at Elligen, Germany, April 24, 1945. archives.gov
You Will Get Upset When You See These Photos of Priceless Art Stolen by the Nazis
General Dwight D. Eisenhower, Supreme Allied Commander, accompanied by General Omar Bradley and Lt. Gen. George Patton, Jr., inspects stolen art treasures. arvives.gov
You Will Get Upset When You See These Photos of Priceless Art Stolen by the Nazis
Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower, Supreme Allied Commander, and Gen. Omar N. Bradley, CG, 12th Army Group, examine a suitcase of silverware, part of German loot stored in a salt mine. Photographer: Lt. Moore. archives.gov
You Will Get Upset When You See These Photos of Priceless Art Stolen by the Nazis
Hermann Goering s art collection, stolen from museums across Europe, is stored temporarily in a building near Berchtesgaden while being cataloged, June 9, 1945. Archives.gov
You Will Get Upset When You See These Photos of Priceless Art Stolen by the Nazis
The Fuhrer at the Haus of German Art, Munich. Archives.gov
You Will Get Upset When You See These Photos of Priceless Art Stolen by the Nazis
U.S. Soldiers examine Edouard Manet s In the Conservatory, April 25, 1945. Archives.gov
You Will Get Upset When You See These Photos of Priceless Art Stolen by the Nazis
Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower, Supreme Allied Commander, accompanied by Gen. Omar Bradley, left, CG, 12th Army Group; Maj. Gen. Manton Eddy, CG, XII Corps, and Col. H.A. Burnstern, Washington, DC, tours German salt mines in which stolen treasure was hidden. Photographer: Lt. Moore. Archives.gov
You Will Get Upset When You See These Photos of Priceless Art Stolen by the Nazis
Florentine Art Treasures Returned Six trucks with part of the half billion dollars worth of Florentine art treasure, which was taken to Bolzano by retreating Germans, arrives at Piazza Dei Signoria, Florence, Italy and passes by reviewing stand of American, English and Italian officials. 7/21/45. Archives.gov
You Will Get Upset When You See These Photos of Priceless Art Stolen by the Nazis
Royal Crown of the Hungarian Royal Holy Crown Jewels The Hungarian Royal Crown jewels had been in the custody of the Seventh U.S. Army along with the Hungarian guard. The jewels were going to the U.S. Army repository at Frankfort, Germany for safe keeping. 8/3/45.gov
You Will Get Upset When You See These Photos of Priceless Art Stolen by the Nazis
Looted Books in Riga, November 1943. Wikipedia
You Will Get Upset When You See These Photos of Priceless Art Stolen by the Nazis
A Us Soldier Inspects Priceless Art Taken From Jews By The Nazi’s And Stashed In The Heilbron Salt Mines May 3, 1945, In Germany. The Treasures Were Uncovered By Allied Forces After The Defeat Of Nazi Germany. Photo By National Archives/Getty Images
You Will Get Upset When You See These Photos of Priceless Art Stolen by the Nazis
MP stands guard in front of a truck loaded with art treasures stolen by German Army and recovered by U.S. Army. The paintings are being returned to the city of Florence. 07/23/1945. Archives.gov
You Will Get Upset When You See These Photos of Priceless Art Stolen by the Nazis
Germany. The 90th Division, the U.S. Third Army, discovered this Reichsbank wealth, SS loot, and Berlin museum paintings that were removed from Berlin to a salt mine vault in Merkers, Germany. 04/15/1945. Archives.gov
You Will Get Upset When You See These Photos of Priceless Art Stolen by the Nazis
Durer Engraving M. SGT Harold Maus of Scranton, PA is pictured with the Durer engraving, found among other art treasures at Merker. 5/13/45. Archives.gov
You Will Get Upset When You See These Photos of Priceless Art Stolen by the Nazis
Polish art historian Karol Estreicher and military members prepare to repatriate da Vinci’s Lady With an Ermine. sfgate
You Will Get Upset When You See These Photos of Priceless Art Stolen by the Nazis
An unknown Rembrandt recovered and safe in Munich. 5/13/45. Archives.gov

You Will Get Upset When You See These Photos of Priceless Art Stolen by the Nazis
Saphor Torahs Chaplain Samuel Blinder examines one of the hundreds of Saphor Torahs (sacred scrolls) part of a cache of Hebrew and Jewish books that were stolen and collected from every occupied country in Europe. 7/6/45. Archives.gov
You Will Get Upset When You See These Photos of Priceless Art Stolen by the Nazis
The Einsatzstab Reichsleiter Rosenberg (ERR) files The Alfred Rosenberg (ERR) files in a room of the Neuschwanstein Castle. The largest Nazi art loot cache was found by units of the 7th U.S. Army when they explored tunnels under the castle. 5/13/45. Archives.gov
You Will Get Upset When You See These Photos of Priceless Art Stolen by the Nazis
The Graces in the Gardens of the Hesperides A Rubens painting The Graces in the Gardens of the Hesperides taken by the Einsatzstab Reichsleiter Rosenberg (ERR). 5/13/45. Archives.gov
You Will Get Upset When You See These Photos of Priceless Art Stolen by the Nazis
Thomas Carr Howe Jr. (right) helps transport Michelangelo’s sculpture, Madonna, and Child. sfgate
You Will Get Upset When You See These Photos of Priceless Art Stolen by the Nazis
German soldiers of the Hermann Göring Division posing in front of Palazzo Venezia in Rome in 1944 with a picture taken from the Biblioteca del Museo Nazionale di Napoli before the Allied forces’ arrival in the city Carlo III di Borbone Visita il papa Benedetto XIV Nella coffee-house del Quirinale a Roma by Giovanni Paolo Pannini. Wikipedia
You Will Get Upset When You See These Photos of Priceless Art Stolen by the Nazis
Jean Metzinger, 1913, En Canot (Im Boot), oil on canvas, 146 x 114 cm (57.5 in × 44.9 in), exhibited at Moderni Umeni, S.V.U. Mánes, Prague, 1914, acquired in 1916 by Georg Muche at the Galerie Der Sturm, confiscated by the Nazis circa 1936, displayed at the Degenerate Art show in Munich, and missing ever since. Wikipedia
You Will Get Upset When You See These Photos of Priceless Art Stolen by the Nazis
Adolf Hitler and Adolf Ziegler visit the Degenerate Art Exhibition, 1937. The wall behind them calls attention to the works of the Dada artists with depreciatory comments. Wikipedia
You Will Get Upset When You See These Photos of Priceless Art Stolen by the Nazis
Albert Gleizes, 1912, Landschaft bei Paris, Paysage près de Paris, Paysage de Courbevoie, oil on canvas, 72.8 x 87.1 cm, missing from Hannover since 1937. Wikipedia
You Will Get Upset When You See These Photos of Priceless Art Stolen by the Nazis
Aleksander Gierymski’s Jewess with Oranges discovered on 26 November 2010 in an art auction in Buxtehude, Germany. Wikipedia
You Will Get Upset When You See These Photos of Priceless Art Stolen by the Nazis
Altaussee, May 1945 after the removal of the eight 500 kilograms (1,100 pounds) bombs at the Nazi-stolen art repository. Wikipedia
You Will Get Upset When You See These Photos of Priceless Art Stolen by the Nazis
As Minister of Economics, Walther Funk accelerated the pace of re-armament and as Reichsbank president banked for the SS the gold rings of Nazi concentration camp victims. Wikipedia
You Will Get Upset When You See These Photos of Priceless Art Stolen by the Nazis
Franz Marc’s Pferde in Landschaft, one of the artworks discovered in Munich in 2012. Wikipedia
You Will Get Upset When You See These Photos of Priceless Art Stolen by the Nazis
Goebbels views the Degenerate Art exhibition. Wikipedia
You Will Get Upset When You See These Photos of Priceless Art Stolen by the Nazis
Max Liebermann’s Two Riders On The Beach in the Gurlitt collection and subject to a claim by the descendants of the original Jewish owner. Wikipedia
You Will Get Upset When You See These Photos of Priceless Art Stolen by the Nazis
Pieter Bruegel the Elder painting Altaussee, Austria, April 1945. Wikipedia
You Will Get Upset When You See These Photos of Priceless Art Stolen by the Nazis
Raphael’s Portrait of a Young Man was looted by the Germans from the Czartoryski Museum in 1939. Although Polish officials state that it has been known for years that the painting survived the war, its whereabouts remain unknown. Wikipedia
You Will Get Upset When You See These Photos of Priceless Art Stolen by the Nazis
The Ghent Altarpiece during recovery from the Altaussee salt mine at the end of World War II. Wikipedia
You Will Get Upset When You See These Photos of Priceless Art Stolen by the Nazis
Seal of the Einsatzstab Reichsleiter Rosenberg, used from 1941 to 1944 to mark seized documents by the German occupation troops. Wikipedia

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