Photographs of Hugo Chavez and the Venezuelan Socialist Coup
Photographs of Hugo Chavez and the Venezuelan Socialist Coup

Photographs of Hugo Chavez and the Venezuelan Socialist Coup

Jacob Miller - August 10, 2018

The civil-militia coup in Venezuela, led by Hugo Chavez, that began on February 4, 1992, was a response to the social discord regarding the ‘pacted’ democratic system that had been in place since 1958. The pacted democracy, a written guarantee that the signing political parties would respect the election results, prevent single-party hegemony, collaborate to fight the rise of a dictator, and share oil wealth. However, as oil revenue began to decline, the public lost faith in the political institutions. The government became violent in order to suppress opposition and maintain power.

Hugo Chavez, at the time of the coup, had the loyalty of about 10% of the Venezuelan military force. Five army units moved into Caracas to seize crucial military and communications installations throughout the city, including taking control of the Miraflores Palace, the presidential palace. Chavez’s ultimate goal was to capture President Carlos Andres Perez on his way home from an international trip, and allegedly execute him.

There were three separate attempts to capture Perez, all of which failed due to betrayals, defections, errors, and other unforeseen circumstances. Rebels were able to take control of large parts of cities such as Valencia, Maracaibo, and Maracay with the support of civilians but Chavez’ attempt to take Caracas had failed. He eventually gave himself up to the government. Chavez was imprisoned in San Carlos military prison

In November 1992, there was a second coup attempt. The rebels, who had been in contact with Chavez, took over the state-run TV station and broadcasted a video Chavez made while in prison which called for a popular uprising. The coup, however, largely failed.

The coups, were, however, successful in ruining Perez’s public image and discrediting the neo-liberal capitalist reforms and President Perez was impeached on May 20, 1993. Former President Rafael Caldera won the subsequent election and pardoned Chavez, which allowed Chavez to run in and win the 1998 presidential election.

Photographs of Hugo Chavez and the Venezuelan Socialist Coup
Hugo Chavez, bottom row, right, poses with his baseball teammates during intramural games at the Military Academy in Caracas, Venezuela, in this March 1972 photo. ABC
Photographs of Hugo Chavez and the Venezuelan Socialist Coup
Hugo Chavez, center, looks at the camera during a military exercise in Venezuela. ABC
Photographs of Hugo Chavez and the Venezuelan Socialist Coup
The leader of the Bolivarian Revolution 2000, officer Hugo Chavez talks to reporters at the Defense Ministry after he surrendered to troops loyal to the government of Carlos Andres Perez, in Caracas, Venezuela, Feb. 4, 1992. The career military officer-turned-politician won friends and enemies as he launched poverty-fighting programs, nationalized key industries, and forged alliances with other leftist leaders in Latin America, particularly the Castro brothers in Cuba, during his nearly 15 years in office. AP Photo
Photographs of Hugo Chavez and the Venezuelan Socialist Coup
Soldiers and civilians. National Library
Photographs of Hugo Chavez and the Venezuelan Socialist Coup
Rebelling military and civilian figures carry one of their wounded. National Library
Photographs of Hugo Chavez and the Venezuelan Socialist Coup
President Carlos Andrez Perez praying. National Library
Photographs of Hugo Chavez and the Venezuelan Socialist Coup
Civilians participating in the uprising detained. National Library
Photographs of Hugo Chavez and the Venezuelan Socialist Coup
An armored car on the streets of Caracas. National Library
Photographs of Hugo Chavez and the Venezuelan Socialist Coup
A policeman involved in the combat. National Library
Photographs of Hugo Chavez and the Venezuelan Socialist Coup
A police officer and soldier fighting against the rebels. AP
Photographs of Hugo Chavez and the Venezuelan Socialist Coup
A man seeking cover behind a jeep of newspaper El Nacional National Library : El Nacional
Photographs of Hugo Chavez and the Venezuelan Socialist Coup
Soldiers loyal to Venezuelan President Carlos Andres Perez and some journalists lie in one of the entrance rooms of the presidential palace in Caracas on Feb. 4, 1992, after rebel paratroopers led by Lt. Col. Hugo Chavez attempted a coup. When the bid to overthrow Perez failed, Chavez announced his defeat in a TV appearance that made him a hero overnight. AP
Photographs of Hugo Chavez and the Venezuelan Socialist Coup
Soldiers loyal to President Carlos Andres Pérez carry a comrade’s body after he was killed by rebels. Photograph- Jose Cohen:AFP: Getty Images
Photographs of Hugo Chavez and the Venezuelan Socialist Coup
1992- Lieutenant Colonel Hugo Chávez, center, is escorted by military intelligence officers after being arrested for trying to overthrow Venezuela’s government. Andres Leighton: AP
Photographs of Hugo Chavez and the Venezuelan Socialist Coup
1992- Hugo Chávez, on the left, with fellow jailed revolutionaries after the failed coup Photograph- Reuters: CORBIS
Photographs of Hugo Chavez and the Venezuelan Socialist Coup
Hugo Chavez, top left, poses with fellow members of the failed coup as they serve time in Yare II jail near Caracas, Venezuela. ABC
Photographs of Hugo Chavez and the Venezuelan Socialist Coup
Venezuela’s President Hugo Chavez is pictured at his cell during his period at Yare prison (1992-94), in a photo provided by Venezuela’s Ministry of Information and Communication. AP
Photographs of Hugo Chavez and the Venezuelan Socialist Coup
Army Lt. Col. Hugo Chavez, who headed the 1992 attempted coup, talks to reporters March 26, 1994, after he was freed from jail. Chavez was freed after charges were dropped against him for leading the first of two attempted coups against the government of former president Carlos Andres Perez, who was later removed from office. Getty Images
Photographs of Hugo Chavez and the Venezuelan Socialist Coup
Venezuelan Presidential candidate Hugo Chavez greets supporters as he arrives at a campaign closing rally November 5, 1998, in Caracas. Getty Images
Photographs of Hugo Chavez and the Venezuelan Socialist Coup
Venezuela’s newly-inaugurated President Hugo Chavez addresses the Venezuelan Congress shortly after receiving the presidential sash in Caracas February 2, 1999. Getty Images
Photographs of Hugo Chavez and the Venezuelan Socialist Coup
Former Lt. Col. Hugo Chavez, leader of the 1992 coup and presidential candidate, during a press conference in Mexico, September 12, 1998. Getty Images
Photographs of Hugo Chavez and the Venezuelan Socialist Coup
Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez, accompanied by his wife Marisabel, pulls out the sword of South American independence hero Simon Bolivar, at the door of the tomb of Bolivar in Caracas July 24, 1999. Getty Images
Photographs of Hugo Chavez and the Venezuelan Socialist Coup
Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez inspects military maneuvers of the national Air Force March 17, 2001 in Catilletes, near the border with Colombia. Getty Images
Photographs of Hugo Chavez and the Venezuelan Socialist Coup
Venezuelan presidential candidate Hugo Chavez throws the ceremonial first pitch June 14, 1998, during a friendly game between the Central University of Caracas and television actors in Caracas. Chavez, the former military leader of a 1992 failed coup, leads the polls heading into December elections. Getty Images
Photographs of Hugo Chavez and the Venezuelan Socialist Coup
With his wife, Marisabel, and his daughter, Rosa, Venezuelan presidential candidate Hugo Chavez Frias attends a meeting of supporters in Caracas October 3, 1998. Getty Images
Photographs of Hugo Chavez and the Venezuelan Socialist Coup
Former U.S. President Jimmy Carter is greeted by Venezuelan presidential candidate and author of a failed 1992 attempt Hugo Chavez Frias in Caracas November 3, 1998. Carter is in Venezuela to meet with various presidential candidates in view of the country’s legislative elections and December 6 presidential vote. Getty Images
Photographs of Hugo Chavez and the Venezuelan Socialist Coup
2004- Chávez greets his supporters at a Caracas rally against US intervention in Venezuelan politics Photograph- Egilda Gomez: AP
Photographs of Hugo Chavez and the Venezuelan Socialist Coup
Chavez speaks to people gathered at the Plaza Caracas on Feb. 4, 1998, in Caracas, Venezuela during celebrations for the anniversary of the 1992 coup. QZ
Photographs of Hugo Chavez and the Venezuelan Socialist Coup
Cuban President Fidel Castro speaks with Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez at Havana’s international airport November 15, 1999. Chavez was attending the IX Iberoamerica Summit which includes 16 Latin American nations along with Spain and Portugal. Getty

Photographs of Hugo Chavez and the Venezuelan Socialist Coup
Former U.S. President George Bush and Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez embrace prior to their breakfast meeting in Houston, Texas, June 11, 1999. Chavez was concluding a visit to the United States that included a stop in New York. Getty Images
Photographs of Hugo Chavez and the Venezuelan Socialist Coup
Venezuela’s President Hugo Chavez (center) embraces Zimbabwe’s former President Robert Mugabe, behind former U.N. Secretary-General Kofi Annan, during the official photograph of the Group of 77 South Summit, in Havana, April 12, 2000. Twenty-seven heads of State and 15 Prime Ministers from the Group attended the summit. Getty Images
Photographs of Hugo Chavez and the Venezuelan Socialist Coup
Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez tours Ground Zero of the World Trade Center site in New York on November 10, 2001. Getty Images
Photographs of Hugo Chavez and the Venezuelan Socialist Coup
Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez poses with Venezuelan major league baseball players (from left) Kelvim Escobar of the Toronto Blue Jays and New York Mets players Melvin Mora, Roger Cedeno and Edgardo Alfonso June 9, 1999, before the Mets game against the Blue Jays at Shea Stadium in Flushing, N.Y. Chavez threw out the ceremonial first pitch. Getty Images
Photographs of Hugo Chavez and the Venezuelan Socialist Coup
In this July 24, 2012 file photo, Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez holds up a pair of pistols
that he says belonged to Venezuela’s independence hero Simon Bolivar during a ceremony marking the 229th anniversary of Bolivar’s birth, at Miraflores presidential palace in Caracas, Venezuela. AP Photo
Photographs of Hugo Chavez and the Venezuelan Socialist Coup
Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez speaks as his wife Marisabel de Chavez wipes sweat from his face as he celebrates the results of the July 30, 2000, presidential elections in Caracas. With 77 percent of the vote counted, official results gave Chavez a large margin with 2.9 million votes. His opponent Francisco Arias Cardenas received 1.8 million votes. Getty Images
Photographs of Hugo Chavez and the Venezuelan Socialist Coup
British Queen Elizabeth II and Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez pose for a picture at Buckingham Palace in London, October 24, 2001. Chavez was on a European tour. Getty Images
Photographs of Hugo Chavez and the Venezuelan Socialist Coup
A picture released by the Cuban newspaper Juventud Rebelde on January 30, 2007, Cuban President Fidel Castro and his Venezuelan counterpart Hugo Chavez are seen. Cuba’s ailing Castro was shown on Cuban television telling his Venezuelan counterpart Hugo Chavez that his recovery was “far from being a lost battle.” Getty Images
Photographs of Hugo Chavez and the Venezuelan Socialist Coup
U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton, second left, shakes hands with Venezuela’s President Hugo Chavez, right, next to Colombia’s President Juan Manuel Santos, left, and Chile’s President Sebastian Pinera during the inauguration ceremony of Brazil’s President Dilma Rousseff, unseen, at the Planalto presidential palace in Brasilia, Brazil, Saturday, Jan. 1, 2011. Getty Images
Photographs of Hugo Chavez and the Venezuelan Socialist Coup
Iraqi President Saddam Hussein meets with his Venezuelan counterpart Hugo Chavez in Baghdad August 10, 2000. Getty Images
Photographs of Hugo Chavez and the Venezuelan Socialist Coup
Libyan leader Muammar Qaddafi (left) and Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez greet supporters in Porlamar, Margarita Island, in northwestern Venezuela, on September 28, 2009. Getty Images
Photographs of Hugo Chavez and the Venezuelan Socialist Coup
Venezuela’s President Hugo Chavez makes the victory sign after a meeting with Russia’s Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov in Caracas, Venezuela, Wednesday, Aug. 24, 2011. Chavez underwent surgery in Cuba in June that removed a cancerous tumor from his pelvic region, and shaved his head after starting to lose his hair due to chemotherapy. AP Photo
Photographs of Hugo Chavez and the Venezuelan Socialist Coup
Venezuela’s President Hugo Chavez greets supporters next to his two daughters – Rosa Virginia, left, and Maria Gabriela – on a balcony of the Miraflores presidential palace in Caracas, Venezuela, Monday, July 4, 2011. AP Photo
Photographs of Hugo Chavez and the Venezuelan Socialist Coup
Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez, left, jokes with actor Sean Penn during his visit to Miraflores presidential palace in Caracas, Venezuela, on Feb. 16, 2012. GETTY
Photographs of Hugo Chavez and the Venezuelan Socialist Coup
Venezuela’s President Hugo Chavez salutes troops during an event marking the 74th anniversary of the National Guard at the military academy in Fuerte Tiuna in Caracas, Venezuela, Aug. 4, 2011. AP Photo
Photographs of Hugo Chavez and the Venezuelan Socialist Coup
Members of OPEC pose for the official photo at the end of their September 28, 2000 summit in Caracas. From left: The Emir of Qatar Hamad Bin Khalifa Al-Thani, Iraqi Vice Prime Minister Taha Yassin Ramadan, Iranian President Muhammad Khatami, Libyan Housing Secretary Mustapha Al Kharrubi, Algerian President Abdelaziz Bouteflika, Sheik Hamad Ibn Muhammad Al-Sharqi of the United Arab Emirates, Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez, Crown Prince of Saudi Arabia Abdullah Ibn Abdul Aziz Al-Saud, Indonesian President Abdurrahman Wahid, Crown Prince of Kuwait Jaber Al-Ahmad Al-Sabah and Nigerian President Olusegun Obasanjo. Getty Images
Photographs of Hugo Chavez and the Venezuelan Socialist Coup
Venezuela’s President Hugo Chavez, center, greets supporters during a caravan from Miraflores government palace to Simon Bolivar airport in Caracas, Venezuela, Friday, Feb. 24, 2012. AP Photo
Photographs of Hugo Chavez and the Venezuelan Socialist Coup
Venezuela’s President Hugo Chavez, left, and Cuba’s President Raul Castro raise hands prior to the inauguration ceremony of a summit by the Community of Latin American and Caribbean States, CELAC, in Caracas, Venezuela, Friday, Dec. 2, 2011. AP Photo
Photographs of Hugo Chavez and the Venezuelan Socialist Coup
Venezuela’s President Hugo Chavez left, and Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva, then-President of Brazil, chat during the inauguration ceremony for the construction of a joint refinery project set up by the two countries on Dec. 15, 2005, in Recife, Brazil. Getty Images
Photographs of Hugo Chavez and the Venezuelan Socialist Coup
Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez takes his cap off during a welcoming ceremony for Bolivian President Evo Morales at the Miraflores presidential palace in Caracas, Venezuela, Sept. 17, 2011. AP Photo
Photographs of Hugo Chavez and the Venezuelan Socialist Coup
Venezuela’s President Hugo Chavez, left, welcomes Iran’s President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad upon his arrival at Miraflores presidential palace in Caracas, Venezuela, Monday, Jan. 9, 2012. AP Photo
Photographs of Hugo Chavez and the Venezuelan Socialist Coup
Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez poses for a photo with his daughters, Maria Gabriela, left, and Rosa Virginia at an unknown location in Havana, Cuba, Feb. 14, 2013. It was the last published photo of the leader. AP Photo

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