40 Violent Realities in the Making of the British Empire
40 Violent Realities in the Making of the British Empire

40 Violent Realities in the Making of the British Empire

Larry Holzwarth - March 25, 2019

40 Violent Realities in the Making of the British Empire
In the early 1980s Great Britain and Argentina fought a war over possession of the Falkland Islands. Wikimedia

40. What’s left of the British Empire?

In 2002, the remaining 14 territories over which Great Britain held sovereignty were named the British Overseas Territories. Several of them remain disputed. Spain has claimed Gibraltar for over two centuries, and the British fought a war in the 1980s over disputes with Argentina over the Falkland Islands. The legacy of the British Empire and its dissolution includes ongoing factional and religious strife in the Mideast, the India-Pakistani border, and in South America. Similar problems exist in South Africa, Zimbabwe, and other areas where white settlers entered into conflicts with indigenous peoples. The British Empire spread the parliamentary system around the globe (though not in America or most of Africa), and the Commonwealth of Nations claims 52 nations as members, former colonies and protectorates of the Empire upon which, it was said, the sun never sets.


Where do we find this stuff? Here are our sources:

“The Spanish Seaborne Empire”. John Horace Parry. 1966

“Failed Colonies”. National Humanities Center Toolbox Library. Online

“What was New Netherland?” New Netherland Institute. Online

“Empire – How Britain Made the Modern World”. Niall Ferguson. 2003

“Religion and the Founding of the American Republic”. Library of Congress Exhibition. Online

“Liverpool”. Ben Johnson, Historic UK. Online

“Dutch East India Company: The World’s First Multinational”. Ben Phelan, PBS Online. January 7, 2013

“1759: The Year Britain Became Master of the World”. Frank McLynn. 2005

“Crisis of Empire: Britain and America in the Eighteenth Century”. Jeremy Black. 2008

“The Fatal Shore: A History of the Transportation of Convicts to Australia”. Robert Hughes. 1988

“Napoleonic Wars and the United States”. Office of the Historian, US Department of State. Online

“Britain Takes Control of the Cape”. South African History Online.

“Abolition of the Slave Trade”. UK National Archives. Online

“The British Empire: Sunrise to Sunset”. Philippa Levine. 2007

“A Short History of the British Army”. Eric William Sheppard. 1968

“Britain’s Imperial Century, 1815-1914: A Study of Empire and Expansion”. Ronald Hyam. 2002

“Canada Under British Rule 1760 – 1905”. John G. Bourinot. 1900. Online at Project Gutenberg

“Great Britain and the Suez Canal”. William Rathbone. 1882

“The Zulu War 1879”. Ian Knight. 2003

“The Boer War”. Thomas Pakenham. 1979

“The Opium War”. UK National Army Museum. Online

“The First Anglo-Afghan War”. Craig Baxter, Federal Research Division, Library of Congress. Online

“Arrogant Armies”. James Perry. 1996

“Dreadnought” Robert Massie. 1992

“Imperial Cable Communications and Strategy, 1870-1914”. P.M. Kennedy, The English Historical Review. October 1971

“The Cambridge Illustrated History of the British Empire”. P.J. Marshall. 1996

“Imperialism and the Victorians: The Dynamics of Territorial Expansion”. John Darwin, English Historical Review. 1997

“The Scramble for Africa: White Man’s Conquest of the Dark Continent 1876 -1912”. Thomas Pakenham. 1992

“Solomon Islands”. Chronological history, World Statesmen.org

“History of the British Residency in Burma”. Walter Sadgun Desai. 1972

“The Real Winston Churchill”. Richard Seymour, Jacobin Magazine. Online

“Sea Power: A Naval History”. E. Potter. 1981

“Inventing Iraq”. Toby Dodge. 2009

“The Rise and Fall of British Naval Mastery”. Paul Kennedy. 1983

“British Imperialism 1750 – 1970”. Simon Smith. 1998

“Europe Since 1945: An Encyclopedia”. Bernard A. Cook. 2001

“Decolonization since 1945: the collapse of European overseas empires”. John Springhall. 2001