20 Photos of the History of the FBI, Part 1: The Birth of the Organization
20 Photos of the History of the FBI, Part 1: The Birth of the Organization

20 Photos of the History of the FBI, Part 1: The Birth of the Organization

Jacob Miller - July 3, 2017

In 1908 there were more than 100 cities in America with populations over 50,000 people. Crime was, without surprise, a growing concern. These cities were overcrowded with poor, disillusioned immigrants. Corruption was rampant nationwide in local governments, and big businesses. The Ford Model T was released and automobiles became affordable to the masses. They became both a resource and a target for criminals. The Anarchist Movement composed of violent radicals motivated by zealous ideology and bent on overthrowing the governments they hated was growing.

On March 29, 1908, in Union Square, New York City, an anarchist terrorist bombing took place. Selig Silverstein and 7,000 others were attending the Socialist Conference of the Unemployed. Police came to disperse the crowd because they were demonstrating without a permit. Silverstein attempted to throw a bomb at the police but it exploded in his hands, killing himself and one other. Before Silverstein died, he proclaimed “I came to the park to kill the police. I hate them.”

Police forces were unable to keep crime at bay. Local and State police forces were poorly trained, underpaid, and nepotistic.

On September 6, 1901, anarchist Leon Czolgosz shot President McKinley in Buffalo, NY. McKinley died eight days later and Theodore Roosevelt was sworn into office. Roosevelt believed that federal intervention was necessary to create justice in an industrial society.

In 1906, Roosevelt appointed Charles Bonaparte (the grandnephew of Napoleon) to be the second Attorney General. Bonaparte felt inadequately staffed to fight the growing problems of crime and corruption. If he wanted an investigator to go on a fact finding mission to help the U.S. Attorney build a case, he had to rent highly trained but expensive Secret Service Agents. The Service Agents would report directly to the Chief of Secret Service rather than to him, which left Bonaparte feeling without control of his own investigations.

In May, 1908, out of fear that Roosevelt was exceeding his executive powers, Congress banned the loan of Secret Service operatives to any federal department.

On July 26, 1908, Bonaparte created a “regular force of special agents” and ordered the Department of Justice to refer most investigative matters to this group. The group was comprised of nine, well trained Secret Service investigators and an additional 25 top agents.

Stay tuned for The History of the FBI, part 2.

20 Photos of the History of the FBI, Part 1: The Birth of the Organization
William McKinley (1843-1901). BBC
20 Photos of the History of the FBI, Part 1: The Birth of the Organization
Mugshot of Leon Czolgosz, the assassin or President McKinley. Ohio History Connection
20 Photos of the History of the FBI, Part 1: The Birth of the Organization
Theodore Roosevelt. lanueva
20 Photos of the History of the FBI, Part 1: The Birth of the Organization
Theodore Roosevelt and First Lady Edith Kermit Carow Roosevelt c. 1908. Pinterest
20 Photos of the History of the FBI, Part 1: The Birth of the Organization
President Theodore Roosevelt with the Governors of the States and Territories, plus others, some 70 of the approximately 360 who attended the May 13-15, 1908 National Conservation Conference, at The White House. Chicago Tribune
20 Photos of the History of the FBI, Part 1: The Birth of the Organization
Anarchist bombing victims in Union Square, NYC, 1908. untapped cities
20 Photos of the History of the FBI, Part 1: The Birth of the Organization
Anarchist bombing, Union Square 1908. Library of Congress
20 Photos of the History of the FBI, Part 1: The Birth of the Organization
Man killed in Anarchist bombing. 1908. Daily Mail
20 Photos of the History of the FBI, Part 1: The Birth of the Organization
Aftermath of a deadly Anarchist Bombing in Union Square, NYC. youtube
20 Photos of the History of the FBI, Part 1: The Birth of the Organization
Crowd driven from Union Square turning back through 14th St. toward the Square again, after Anarchist bombing, March 28, 1908. loc.gov

20 Photos of the History of the FBI, Part 1: The Birth of the Organization
Union Square Socialist Convention for the Unemployed crowds 1908. ephemeralnewyork
20 Photos of the History of the FBI, Part 1: The Birth of the Organization
Model T assembly line in the Ford Factory In 1908. The Model T forever changed crime and police work. Pinterest
20 Photos of the History of the FBI, Part 1: The Birth of the Organization
Charles Bonaparte, founder of the FBI. Fonderia USA
20 Photos of the History of the FBI, Part 1: The Birth of the Organization
Stanley Finch, the first Director of the FBI, July 26, 1908- April 30, 1912. FBI
20 Photos of the History of the FBI, Part 1: The Birth of the Organization
One of the first special agents credentials, dated November 22, 1909. FBI
20 Photos of the History of the FBI, Part 1: The Birth of the Organization
The Bureau’s first home, the Department of Justice building at 1435 K Street in N.W. Washington, D.C. FBI
20 Photos of the History of the FBI, Part 1: The Birth of the Organization
James Robert Mann 1909. The Mann Act, passed in 1910, made t a felony to engage in interstate or foreign commerce transport of any woman or girl for the purpose of prostitution or debauchery, or for any other immoral purpose. The Mann Act investigations were the first official FBI investigations. Wikimedia
20 Photos of the History of the FBI, Part 1: The Birth of the Organization
George Woodward Wickersham. Finch’s successor as FBI director. dingeengoete
20 Photos of the History of the FBI, Part 1: The Birth of the Organization
Born in Ohio in 1868, Alaska P. Davidson was 54 years old when she became a the FBI’s first female Special Agent. In the 1920s, she was one of three women, including Jessie Duckstein and Lenore Houston, who served as FBI agents. Pinterest

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