10 Weird and Wonderful Love Letters from the Past
10 Weird and Wonderful Love Letters from the Past

10 Weird and Wonderful Love Letters from the Past

Natasha sheldon - March 25, 2018

Ever since writing was invented, people across the ages have penned letters to the objects of their desire- many inspired by very different motives. Some historical love letters were outpourings of heartfelt passion or expressions of sexual desire. Others were missives used to court advantageous alliances couched in the language of love- or using a more direct approach. Then, there are those letters which were merely a subtle- or not so subtle attempt to lure someone into bed.

These letters give much more than a snapshot of a lover’s feelings. They preserve love stories that would otherwise be lost to history and provide an insight into the private side of historical characters invisible in other sources. Love letters can also preserve for posterity, many of the private and often peculiar peccadillos that individuals may well have preferred to remain secret! These past billets-doux are a perfect way of rediscovering the romantic- and not so romantic ideals of love and relationships from across the ages. The following ten examples give us a snapshot of the scope and variety of love letters across time.

10 Weird and Wonderful Love Letters from the Past
Henry VIII to Anne Boleyn: Love Letter Number Five. Wikimedia Commons.

Henry VIII’s Love Letters to Anne Boleyn

The marriage of Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn came to a messy end when he had her beheaded on May 19, 1536, for adultery, treason, and incest after nearly three years of marriage. However, Henry’s early love letters to Anne, show that, for the King at least, their relationship was rooted deeply in passion from the very beginning. Henry wrote the letters, of which there are seventeen between 1527 and 1528. They show not only the romantic nature of Henry but also how quickly his thoughts moved from bedding to wedding his future Queen.

The letters show a vulnerable side to the monarch who history came to view as cruel, capricious and tyrannical in his declining years. But in 1527, Henry was thirty-six, still handsome and athletic. He had never had a problem ‘wooing’ any other lady. However, Anne proved more resistant to the lure of his charms- and his position. Henry’s first surviving love letter to Anne has him “beseeching” her “earnestly” to “let me know expressly your whole mind as to the love between us two.” For over a year, Henry admitted, he had been “stricken with the dart of love.”

Henry was enquiring-very prettily- if Anne would have sex with him. He could not call her, ‘mistress” he claimed, until she gave herself up to him “body and heart.” As a sweetener, Henry promised Anne she would become his one and only lover. However, Anne was not about to become another notch on Henry’s bedpost. Henry continued his pursuit, regardless. “ To cause you yet oftener to remember, me, I send you… a buck killed late last night by my own hand, ” he wrote, keen to prove his manly prowess in some way, “hoping that when you eat of it, you may think of the hunter.”

He must, however, have had some hope, for soon he was calling Anne not only ‘mistress‘ but ‘darling.’ Ann seems to have thawed, and a letter of July 1527 gives some hint of why. “Shortly, you and I shall have our desired end,” The matter of an annulment was already on Henry’s mind, and 1527 was the year he sent William knight to Rome to sue for a dissolution of his marriage to Katherine- and a dispensation to marry again. The couple could only wait. In the meantime, the wooing continues.

In the summer of 1528, sweating sickness broke out, and Ann was ill and confined to Hever Castle. Henry sent frequent letters, passing on news of the court and his continuing affection. However, by August, the letters indicate a change. It seems the combination of time apart and the prospect of marriage had driven the couple’s relationship up a notch. One note, in which Henry details how much he is missing Ann begins, “Mine own sweetheart,” and ends “wishing myself (especially an evening) in my sweetheart’s arms, whose pretty dukkys I trust shortly to kiss.”

One of the first love letters to survive shows that seduction was not always about romance- but religion.

10 Weird and Wonderful Love Letters from the Past
Enlil’s ‘love letter to Shu Sin. Cuniform table from Istanbul’s archaeological museum. Google Images.

Enlil’s Letter to Shu Sin

In 1951, the staff at Istanbul’s Archaeological museum discovered a well-preserved cuneiform tablet discarded in a drawer. Archaeologists recovered the tablet from the library of the Assyrian King Ashurbanipal during early nineteenth century excavations of the ancient Mesopotamian city of Nineveh. Other finds from the library had revealed stories of the Great Flood, Noah’s Arc and the fall of man, which predated the biblical versions. The tablet once translated proved to somewhat more prosaic, but none the less astounding for it was a ‘love letter’ from around 2000BC, written in poetic form by a Mesopotamian priestess, Enlil and addressed to the King of Ur, Shu Sin.

The tablet was couched with many standard terms of endearment familiar to lovers across the ages. “Bridegroom, dear to my heart,” Enlil began, before she continued, addressing her ‘beloved’ with all the excitement of an eager bride looking forward to her wedding night and the consummation of her marriage. “You have captivated me… I would be taken by you to the bedchamber… Bridegroom, let me caress you… My Shu-Sin, who gladdens Enlil’s heart.” The letter, which may well have been read out to the King by Enlil, was not, however quite what it seemed.

For the marriage and consummation that Enlil anticipated so fervently was no a romantic one or even a matter of state. It was instead part of a religious ritual to ensure the continued fertility and prosperity of Ur and its territories. This ritual was the annual Sacred marriage which occurred every spring Equinox when the King of the land metaphorically married- and mated – with the goddess of fertility, Inanna. Enlil was not marrying Shu Sin herself. Instead, she was standing in as a proxy for the goddess- for all aspects of the ritual.

As a prelude to the main ceremony when the couple consummated their brief union, King Shu Sin would have ‘courted’ Enlil, sending her gifts and letters similar to her own, pressing his suit. Enlil’s eager acceptance is the only part of this ritual courtship that survives. In this respect, the couple was mimicking Innana and her celestial lover Dumuzi. However, their resulting marriage was for one night only- at least, until the following year.

Eight hundred years later, a widowed Egyptian Queen’s applied for a new husband in a much less romantic fashion.

10 Weird and Wonderful Love Letters from the Past
Nesi or Tutankhamun with Ankhesenamun. Google Images.

Dakhamunzu’s Request for a Husband

In about 1323BC, Suppiluliuma, the King of the Hittites received an extraordinary proposal of marriage in a letter from the widow of the recently deceased Pharaoh of Egypt, Nibhururiya. “My husband is dead, and I have no son,” stated the Queen, named as Dakhamunzu, “people say that you have many sons. If you send me one of your sons, he will become my husband for it is repugnant to me to take one of my servants (or subjects) as a husband.” This unorthodox love letter was to start a war between the two nations.

Suppiluliuma was somewhat surprised. Aside from the straightforward tone of the letter, the lady had no specific son in mind. Indeed, any one of them would do. Suppiluliuma reasoned Dakhamunzu wished to ally to protect Egyptian territory. Under his rule, the Hittites had seized parts of Egypt’s Syrian territory. The newly widowed Queen evidently felt vulnerable to attack, and so hoped to shield herself and Egypt by marriage to a Hittite Prince. It was an excellent opportunity to infiltrate Egypt. Never the less, Suppiluliuma was suspicious. He decided to send an embassy to Egypt to check that the Queen was telling the truth.

The embassy returned and reported the situation was as Queen Dakhamunzu had described. She was quite unattached. The queen, however, was not happy to have been doubted. “If I had a son, should I write to a foreign country in a manner humiliating to me and to my country?” she complained to Suppiluliuma, “… I have written to no other country, I have written to you.” Faced with such insistence and deciding he would be a fool to lose the opportunity to have one of his son’s on the throne of Egypt, Suppiluliuma dispatched his son, Zannanza to Egypt to become the Queen’s bridegroom.

However, Zannanza had no sooner crossed the Egyptian border than he was mysteriously dead. Suppiluliuma, suspecting foul play, demanded an explanation-only to find that the Queen had indeed ended up married to one of her ‘subjects’- her dead husband’s Vizier, Ay. “I was ready to send my son to be King. But you were already on the throne, and I did not know,” he wrote to the new Pharaoh, “…if you had ascended to the throne in the meantime you should have sent my son back to his home…what have you done with my son?”

The new Pharaoh denied any foul play, but the damage was done. The Hittites and Egyptians remained at war until Reassess II concluded peace with the Hittites in 1258BC. As for the Queen who sought, unsuccessfully for a Hittite husband, who was she? Her name and that of her dead husband are preserved in a biography of Suppiluliuma, by his son, Mersili II. However, these are Hittite names, rather than the Egyptian names by which the royal couple were better known. For the Queen’s real name was Ankhesenamun and her dead husband’s, Tutankhamen.

In twelfth-century France, the love letters between a monk and a nun reveal the details of a tragic love affair.

10 Weird and Wonderful Love Letters from the Past
Abelard and Heloise. Wikimedia Commons.

Heloise and Abelard

Abelard and Heloise first met in 1115 when Abelard, a Canon of Notre Dame in Paris was engaged to teach her. The couple fell in love and eloped after Heloise became pregnant. Heloise finally agreed to marriage after the birth of their son, Astrolabe but returned to her Uncle’s house, keeping the marriage secret to protect Abelard’s career. However, Fulbert leaked the news, abusing his niece when she would not publicly confirm her marriage. To protect her, Abelard hid his wife in a nunnery. Convinced Heloise had been abandoned Fulbert had Abelard castrated. Unable to enjoy married life, Abelard forced Heloise to take vows as a nun and became a monk himself.

The couple’s letters, written ten years after they parted, give the best picture of the passion – and the personalities of these two lovers. Instigated by Heloise, the letters reveal how both suffered because of their separation. However, while Heloise can’t quite feel guilty about being married to god while still longing for Abelard, he seems to be more troubled. Abelard still clearly loves and thinks of Heloise. However, he has an easier time controlling his ‘passions” because of his castration: “your misfortune has been the occasion of your finding rest” as Heloise puts it. “God, who seemed to deal heavily with you, sought only to help you.”

In fact, Abelard frankly admits his inability to enjoy sex is why he urged Heloise into holy orders in the first place. “When I saw myself oppressed by my misfortune I was furiously jealous and regarded all men as my rivals, ” he confessed to her. “I imagined your heart so accustomed to love that it could not be long without entering on a new engagement. Jealousy can easily believe the most terrible things. I was desirous to make it impossible for me to doubt you.” Abelard regards his wife as a possession he has passed onto someone else for safekeeping.

Heloise, on the other hand, comes across as much more selfless. She freely admits she did not want to enter a convent- but only did so because she loved Abelard. However, Heloise is also more freethinking- despite her conventional devotion to her husband. She never wanted to marry Abelard; she explains because being a “mistress had greater charms because it was more free.” In Heloise’s opinion “It is not love, but the desire of riches and position which makes a woman run into the embraces of an indolent husband. Ambition, and not affection, forms such marriages.”

More importantly, Heloise had no regrets. ” The unhappy consequences of our love and your disgrace have made me put on the habit of chastity, but I am not penitent of the past,” she declared. On the other hand, Abelard, told Heloise to stop writing to him because, in her words: “letters…. have all the fire of our passions, they can raise them as much as if the persons themselves were present”. However, the couple was eventually reunited -in the same tomb.

Abelard may have been ashamed of his passion. However, one-eighteenth century musician was quite unashamed in his peculiar erotic fantasies.

10 Weird and Wonderful Love Letters from the Past
Portrait of Mozart by Barbara Kraft. Wikimedia Commons.

Mozart’s Basle Letters

When Mozart first met Maria Anna Thekla Mozart in 1777, the two cousins immediately hit it off. The young composer was in the German city of Augsburg looking for work, providing him with the opportunity to reacquaint himself with his relatives. Maria was the nineteen-year-old daughter of Mozart’s Uncle, Franz Alois Mozart. During the visit, which lasted only between October 11 to the 26, the young couple developed a close relationship. This connection resulted in a series of letters, known as the Basle letters after the term of endearment Mozart used for Maria: Basle Hasle or “little Bunny Cousin.”

It is quite easy to understand why Maria possibly hoped to marry her cousin. Mozart’s letters to her are affectionate, flirtatious and very intimate in their language. The composer shows himself to have a sense of humor. Mozart’s letters were not straight prose; he employed rhyming and scatological humor to liven them up. However, Mozart’s letters also reveal something else: his bizarre obsession with all things anal.

“Dearest Cozz Buzz!” began one written on November 5, 1777, “I have received reprieved your highly esteemed writing biting, and I have noted doted that my Uncle Garfuncle, my Aunt Slant and you too are all well mell.” The letter continues in the same vein. However, halfway through, the first anal reference occurs. Mozart had promised to send Maria his portrait: ” Eh bien, I shall mail fail it for sure, ” he promised, ” Oui, by the love of my skin, I shit on your nose, so it runs down your chin.

The anal references did not end there. “I now wish you goodnight,” said Mozart, as he rounded off his message. “Shit in your bed with all your might, sleep with peace on your mind and try to kiss your own behind.” Another letter, written on December 23, 1778, invited Maria to:“Come for a bit or else I’ll shit. If you do, this high and mighty person will think you very kind, will give you a smack behind, will kiss your hands, my dear, shoot off a gun in the rear, embrace you warmly, mind, and wash your front and behind, pay you all his debts to the uttermost groat, and shoot off one with a rousing note, perhaps even let something drop from his boat.”

To modern ears, these terms are quite peculiar; vulgar and rather strange things to say. However, there could be various reasons for Mozart’s anal references. Firstly, it could have been a family thing as Mozart’s mother; Anna Maria also wrote similar words to her husband. There was also a certain vulgar edge to German theatrical culture at the time, which could have rubbed off onto Mozart. Some historians have even speculated that Mozart had a form of Tourette’s. Either way, in 1781, Mozart and Maria met again- but the relationship had cooled. The letters stopped, and the cousins went their separate ways.

Other love letters written by a presidential candidate were written in a kind of code, to hide his antics.

10 Weird and Wonderful Love Letters from the Past
Warren Harding by Harris & Ewing. Circa 1920. Wikimedia Commons.

Warren Harding

Warren Harding was the 29th president of the United States and possibly its most unpopular president to date, ranking last in polls held in 1948 and 1962. Harding was only in office for two years between 1921 and 1923, before he died of a heart attack. In that time the president oversaw an administration packed with his often incompetent dishonest and cronies who accepted bribes, culminating in the Teapot Dome Scandal. Even Harding realized that he did not make the grade. “I am not fit for this office and should never have been here,” he once admitted

All this incompetence may have been averted if people had learned that Harding was not only incompetent but also adulterous. For until 1920, Harding had been cheating on his wife, Florence for fifteen years with a woman called Carrie Fulton Philips. The discovery of the affair would have ruined Harding’s political career as well as his reputation. However, Harding was very competent at subterfuge. The affair was mostly hidden, with letters from the couple only discovered in 1963. Those love letters were also written with extreme care as Harding employed a kind of code to communicate his sexual desires to his mistress.

The letters, written between 1910 and 1920, are at once romantic and carnal. “I hurt with the insatiate longing until I feel that there will never be any relief until I take a long, deep, wild draught on your lips, ” Harding wrote in one letter dated September 15, 1913, continuing that he also longed to bury himself in Carrie’s pillowing breasts’. However, to fully express his sexual desires, Harding employed euphemisms for his and Carries’ genitals. Harding referred to his penis as “Jerry’, while Carrie’s vagina was “Mrs. Pouterson.”

“Wish I could take you to Mount Jerry,” Harding wrote in one letter “Wonderful spot.” In the September 1913 letter, he describes how aroused Harding he is. “Jerry came and will not go.” he wrote, “says he loves you. …..I fear you would find a fierce enthusiast today.” As the affair began to flag, Harding reproved his mistress for her growing disinterest by reminding her that “When I saw Mrs. Pouterson a month ago, she persuaded me you still loved. I had a really happy day with her.” The couple parted in 1920 as Harding began to prepare to run for the presidency, buying Carrie’s silence with a handsome stipend.

Harding’s love letters aren’t the only ones available publicly belonging to politicians.

10 Weird and Wonderful Love Letters from the Past
Margery Brewer’s Valentine Letter. Google Images.

Margery Brewer’s Valentine Letter

The Paston family had their roots in the English peasantry but by the fifteenth century, they had risen to become landed gentry. Some of them, such as Sir John Paston became minor players in the events after the War of the Roses. John was born in 1444, second son of John Paston and Margret Mautby. He was educated in the household of the Duke of Norfolk and fought for both Henry VI and Edward IV. However, within weeks of Henry VII taking the throne in 1485, John was made Sheriff of Norfolk and Suffolk firstly and then a member of Henry’s first parliament.

However, in 1477, all of this was years away, and John, now in his early thirties was on the lookout for a wife. He was introduced to Margery Brewer, the daughter of another local landowner, Sir Thomas Brewer. Despite the disparity in their ages, John and Margery fell in love. The match would have been an advantageous one for both families. However, Margery’s father was unconvinced about it because he felt his daughter could still do better. Fortunately, Margery’s mother, Elizabeth was more sympathetic, and she began to manipulate events to bring Thomas round- starting with inviting John to spend the weekend with the family.

John was due to arrive on February 14th. So, Margery penned him a Valentine letter, to assure him of her love. “Right Reverend and worshipful, and my right well-beloved Valentine,” she began, ” I recommend myself to you full heartily, desiring to hear of your welfare, …….. And if it pleases you to hear of my welfare, I am not in good health of body nor of heart, nor shall be, until I hear from you.” She also implored John not to be put off by her father’s attitude: “If you love me, as I truly trust you do, you will not leave me because of that; for if you had less than half the income that you have…… I would not forsake you.”

Margery did not write these heartfelt words herself- because she couldn’t write. Instead, she dictated them to her father’s clerk, Thomas Kela. The letter must have placed Kela in a compromising position- particularly as Margery probably swore him to secrecy. Indeed this is what she also did with John, begging him to burn her letter after he read it. However, John did not- a testament perhaps, to his love of Margery.

The couple did eventually marry later that year. A letter Margery sent John while he was away on business illustrates that marriage only deepened their bond. “My own sweetheart,” she wrote, “Sir, I pray you if you tarry long at London that it will please you to send for me, for I think it a long time since I lay in your arms’. John and Margery had their happily ever after. The relationship of the next writer of love letters was as passionate and bohemian as the writer.

10 Weird and Wonderful Love Letters from the Past
Dyland Thomas and his wife, Caitlin. Google Images

Dylan Thomas

Welsh poet Dylan Thomas packed an awful lot of living into his thirty-nine years of life. The son of a Swansea teacher, Thomas’s was brought up in a shell of middle-class respectability from which he ultimately rebelled. He began his writing career as a reporter on the South Wales Evening Post. However, in 1934, the publication of his first anthology, Eighteen Poem allowed him to give up his day job and concentrate on his poetry.

Thomas was a drinker, so it was no surprise that the place where he first set eyes on his future wife, Caitlin McNamara was in a public house. The pub in question was The Wheatsheaf in London. The undoubtedly inebriated Thomas spotted Caitlin, a blond-haired, blue-eyed blond who was then working as dancer across the bar and was instantly smitten. Despite never having spoken to her, he went over, put his head in her lap and proposed. It was the start of a turbulent love affair that would end with Thomas’s death from alcohol abuse in 1953.

Thomas and Caitlin forged their relationship in a series of letters written over the course of 1936 after this first meeting in The Wheatsheaf. Initially, Caitlin was still involved with her original lover, Augustus John. However, by the summer, she had ditched him to be with Thomas, who she married in Penzance registry office in July 1937. Thomas’s letters to her are prose full of poetry. They speak of both Thomas and Caitlin’s unconventional nature- and the all-consuming nature of this early love:

“I love you more than anybody in the world…” Thomas wrote to Caitlin on July 17, 1936, when he was in Swansea and she in London.” I love you for millions and millions of things, clocks and vampires and dirty nails and squiggly paintings and lovely hair and being dizzy and falling dreams…I want you to be with me….we’ll have a bed in a bar, as we said we would, and we shan’t have any money at all….which they won’t like a bit. The room is full of they now, but I don’t care, I don’t care about anybody. I want to be with you because I love you.”

The letters, with their images of chaos, booze, and cash shortages are also a foreshadowing of Thomas and Caitlin’s future relationship. For their marriage was filled with infidelity, alcohol abuse, fights and poverty, which led Caitlin to later describe the relationship as “raw, red, bleeding meat,” and “a drink story.” However, she also referred to herself and Thomas as “twin souls.” Thomas’s early love letters to his future wife certainly make it clear that he too, believed he had met his female equivalent.

Thomas and Caitlin’s relationship may have been fuelled by drink. However, surprisingly, love letters from an eminent nineteenth psychiatrist, which reveal his love of cocaine.

10 Weird and Wonderful Love Letters from the Past
Sigmund Freud. Wikimedia Commons.

Sigmund Freud’s Die Brautebriefe

Sigmund Freud and Martha Bernays were secretly engaged in 1882. For the next four and a half years, much of which they spent apart for extended periods, they wrote to each other a series letters now known as Die Brautbriefe or the engagement letters. The letters survived the Freud’s swift departure from Nazi-occupied Vienna in 1938. They reveal some interesting details about the founder of modern psychoanalysis, including a brief enthusiasm for cocaine and a desire to control his fiancé that suggested the doctor was in need of therapy as much as any of his patients.

Freud had fallen in love with Martha because of her outgoing, forthright nature. Her early letters reveal a spirited young woman who was a bit of a tease. In a letter written just two weeks into the engagement, Martha wrote to Freud about a dream she had had about them. In the dream, they had held hands and looked into each other’s eyes and then “did something more, but I’m not saying what.” Martha also admitted to kissing another man in another letter.

Martha’s flirtatious ways could have been an excuse for some of Freud’s requirements of her. He did not want her going on outings with other men and in one letter admonished her for pulling up a stocking in public. However, there was something more going on for the overall tone of the letters suggested Freud was trying to train Martha to be his wife, curbing some of her wilder traits so that she was adequately submissive and wholly dedicated to his needs when they married.

I will let you rule [the household] as much as you wish,” he explained in one letter, “and you will reward me with your intimate love and by rising above all those weaknesses that make for a contemptuous judgment off women.” In short, Martha was to be a possession, not a partner. It was a matter the couple would battle out during their marriage and that Martha ultimately won by refusing to submit to the role Freud was trying to assign to her.

Then there was the cocaine. In 1884, Freud published a paper About Cocaine’ in which he recommended the drug for a thing as trivial as headaches- and to help with sexual arousal. Freud himself began to use the drug- and shared with Martha some of the effects it was having on him that she could enjoy when they next met: “Woe to you, my Princess, when I come,” he wrote in June 1882. “I will kiss you quite red and feed you till you are plump. And if you are forward, you shall see who is the stronger, a gentle little girl who doesn’t eat enough or a big wild man who has cocaine in his body.”

Freud’s letters reveal a surprising side to the eminent doctor. However, the love letters of Kafka show his dreams were as strange as his fiction.

10 Weird and Wonderful Love Letters from the Past
Franz Kafka. Google Images

Kafka’s Love Letters

Franz Kafka was an early twentieth-century Czech writer whose novels and short stories married up elements of the fantastical with reality. His most famous works include The Trial and The Metamorphosis. He never married but did enjoy love affairs with various ladies. Some of the letters from these relationships survive. These letters show Kafka’s profound sense of sexual failure and guilt- both of which may well explain why he was never able to settle down.

In 1920, Kafka had a brief relationship with Milena Jesenska, a Czech Journalist. Kafka felt insecure about the relationship based on a dream he described to Milena in one of his letters. “Last night I dreamed about you, ” he began, before continuing: “ we were merging into one another. I was you; you were me. ” This probably sounded promising if Melina was hoping for a romantic revelation. If so, she was to be disappointed.

Kafka continued by describing how Milena then caught fire and in the processes of trying to put out the flames, Kafka caught fire too. Thankfully, a dream fire brigade then turned up to save the couple. “But you were different from before, spectral, as though drawn with chalk against the dark,” Kafka concluded. Unsurprisingly, his relationship with Milena eventually petered out. However, Kafka’s most significant love affair had already come and gone. The lady in question was called Felice Bauer, a marketing rep for a dictation machine company who Kafka met in 1912.

Although Kafka’s initial impression of Felice, recorded in his diary was unflattering: (“Almost broken nose. Blonde, somewhat straight, unattractive hair, strong Chin. ” ), over the next five years, the couple was engaged to each other twice. It was a relationship of letters where Kafka veered between tender declarations of love-before swiftly backing away due to his feelings of inadequacy. “I belong to you,” Kafka stated intensely in one early letter before continuing somewhat bizarrely: “But for this very reason I don’t want to know what you are wearing; it confuses me so much that I cannot deal with life.”

 

Where do we get our Stuff? Here are our sources:

10 Weird Love Letters From Some Of History’s Most Famous People, Mark Oliver, Listverse, April 3, 2017.

Henry VIII’s Love Letters to Anne Boleyn, The Anne Boleyn Files.

History Begins at Sumer, Samuel Noah Kramer

The World’s Oldest Love Poem, Joshua J Mark, Ancient History Encyclopedia, August 13, 2014.

Letters of the Great Kings of the Ancient Near East, Trevor Bryce, 2003.

Letter to Suppiluliuma, J Hill, Ancient Egypt Online, 2016

Caitlin Thomas, Wikipedia.

The Relationship Devotional: 365 lessons to Love & learn, Abigail Wilentz, Sterling Innovation: London, 2009

Dylan Thomas: The Collected letters, Dylan Thomas, Hachette Uk, 2014

The Love Letters of Abelard and Heloise, Trans. by Anonymous, edited by Israel Gollancz and Honnor Morten, 1901

Historia Calamitatum, Peter Abelard (trans Henry Adams Bellows), 1922

The Letters of Mozart and his Family, Vol I Leopold Mozart, (trans Emily Anderson) Macmillan and Co: London, 1938

Maria Anna Thekla Mozart, Wikipedia

The Letters That Warren G. Harding’s Family Didn’t Want You to See, Jordan Michael Smith, The New York Times Magazine, July 7, 2014.

Warren G. Harding’s sexy love letters are now available online, Jenny Kutner, Salon.com, July 30, 2014

A medieval MP’s Valentine’s Day Letters, Sammy Sturgess, The History of Parliament, February 14, 2018

Freud and the “Cocaine Episode,” Jean Chiriac, Freud File.org

How Sigmund Freud Tried to Break and Remake his Fiance, Frederick Crews, Literary Hub, August 22, 2017

Franz Kafka, Wikipedia

Kafka’s Beautiful and heartbreaking love letters, Maria Popova, Brainpickings

Franz Kafka’s Kafkaesque Love Letters, Josh Jones, Open Culture, May 27, 2015.

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